What is the greatest dog breed of all? With more than 200 officially recognised dog breeds by The Kennel Club, it is understandable that one would find a hard time choosing which breed to get.
Many people have mistakenly chosen a dog based on appearance without taking regard to the pet’s temperament, training requirements, and other needs. It is best to explore your options, spend time with the desired dog, consult with the members of the family, and talk to dog owners of your desired breed. Bear in mind that dog ownership is a lifelong commitment. As such, do your own research on the factors to consider before getting a furry companion.
Your living space is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing the breed. A smaller flat may not be ideal for some medium or large dog breeds, even some small dog breeds. For instance, the Jack Russell is an active and vocal pooch that could be a little noisy for your neighbours at times.
All members of the family should be informed and consulted on the decision of having a pet as well as the breed. Family dynamics should be considered.
Another factor to bear in mind is the canine’s coat length and frequency of shedding. Technically, there are no breeds that are truly hypoallergenic. However, when somebody says ‘hypoallergenic dog breeds,’ these refer to canines that shed little to no fur. Allergy in dogs is caused by dog hair and not the pet itself. Further, if your concern is about house chores, there are several shorthaired varieties that might just be the one for you. They shed a lot less than the longhaired breeds.
You may also like: Dog Allergies: Symptoms and Treatments
The types of dog
Recognised dog breeds are identified as a specific breed group. They are classified according to their ancestry, appearance, the purpose of breeding, temperament, and few other factors. The breed’s specific needs and requirement reflect their historical background under these seven dog types:
1. Gun dog
Gun dogs are originally bred as hunting companions to find and retrieve games on hunting seasons. They were praised for their outstanding hunting instincts and other field activities. Having been bred as companions, gun dogs are often affectionate with cooperative temperaments. Gun dog breeds require a lot of time for exercise. This includes the Labrador retriever, Irish setter, and cocker spaniel.
2. Hound dog
Hound dogs are also hunters but can work even at a distance from their owners. As such, these canines are quite independent and less affectionate than some other breeds. They are natural hunters that hunt using their senses: sighthounds, scent hounds, and a mixture of both. Hound dog breeds are varied personalities like being sociable, laid-back, and indifferent. This includes the whippet, basset hound, and beagle.
3. Pastoral dog
Pastoral dogs are initially bred to assist livestock duties such as herding sheep, goats, and cattle. They are naturally alert as they stood as guard dogs in the past. Pastoral group breeds are brave and hardworking dogs that respond well to training. This includes the German shepherd, Border collie, and Australian shepherd.
4. Terrier dog
Terrier dogs are smaller and adept in hunting vermin such as rabbits, rodents, and weasels. Their instincts to dig and kill are the strongest. Terrier group breeds are active pooches that require plenty of daily exercises to meet their needs. The list includes the Border terrier, bull terrier, and Welsh terrier.
5. Toy dog
Small and miniature dogs that range from 4 to 7 pounds are classified as toy dogs. Some are bred as companions, whilst others are purposely created for vermin control. Toy dog breeds may have a diminutive size but they are high-maintenance in their own way. The list includes the chihuahua, pug, and Cavalier King Charles spaniel.
6. Working dog
Working dogs are originally bred or trained for specific tasks to assist their human companions. They are highly intelligent and highly trainable dogs that require a lot of exercises. Working group breeds are usually large in size depending on the breed. The list includes the Siberian husky, Dobermann, and golden retriever.
7. Utility dog
The utility group covers dogs of varied shapes and sizes. Utility group breeds may have outgrown their specific purpose or breeds that do not belong to any category. The list includes the miniature schnauzer, Shar Pei, and Chow Chow.
Have you made your decision, or are you still wondering? We have tools to help you decide: dog breed comparison and dog finder tool. You can also check out the list of dog breeds a-z for further reference.