The Cane Corso’s impressive size makes it a formidable canine companion capable of deterring threats. Understanding the breed’s size helps explain why it’s commonly referred to as the “bodyguard dog” within the dog community.
What is the size of a full-grown Cane Corso dog?
The size of a full-grown Cane Corso dog ranges from 58 to 71 centimetres (23 to 28 inches). He can weigh up to over 45 kilos or 100 pounds.
Also known as the Italian Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a large dog breed with a muscular body and an imposing stature. His other physical traits further accentuate his dominating air.
According to the American Kennel Club, he is a large-boned canine possessing a big wide head and a wrinkly forehead.
He has a boxy muzzle and a thick neck connected to a broad chest. His legs are powerful and well-muscled. His expression is often highly alert and attentive to any possible threat.
Why Is the Cane Corso a Big Dog?
The massive size of the Cane Corso dog has something to do with its lineage. Although there is not much information about the breed’s ancestors, experts theorise that this Mastiff-type breed is the descendant of the extinct Roman army war dog called Canis Pugnax.
The obsolete ancient large dog breed was known for its courage and bravery during warfare. Cane Corso inherited not only his size but also these notable qualities.
The Cane Corso’s enormous size and protective nature proved to be useful in many types of canine work during the old days. The breed was utilised as a guard dog, a farm dog, and a hunting dog for large game like wild boar.
Historians believe that Cane Corso dogs were also used in war, much like their predecessors. The Greek writer Polybius mentioned that these canines were fire bearers on the battlefield.
Today, the breed fits well in many dog jobs, including law enforcement and the military.
Young Cane Corso Growth Rate
Large dog breeds grow slower than small pooches. In general, it takes about 2 years for young Cane Corsos to become fully mature and reach their maximum size. Here is a brief overview of their growth rate:
Initial Growth Stage
Offspring of the breed grow at a steady pace during their initial growth stage. Cane Corso puppies gain 1–2 kilos (2–4 pounds) weekly for several months. Ideally, their weight is proportional to their height.
Eventually, Cane Corso puppies will experience growth spurts as they reach their 6th month.
During this period, they have almost reached their adult height and most of their adult weight. Once they are about 10 months of age, their height growth gradually stops.
The Last Stretch
Cane Corso puppies will continue to gain weight and fill out their bodies with muscle. Their bone growth and development will be finished when they get 1 year and 6 months old.
As they reach 2 years of age, Cane Corso puppies have achieved their maximum size.
Note that this information only serves as a guideline since every Cane Corso puppy grows at a different rate.
Slight changes in your Cane Corso puppy’s size do not usually require attention. However, if he experiences significant weight and height fluctuations, it calls for a vet consultation.
Male vs. Female Cane Corso Size
Male Cane Corsos are relatively bigger than females. They measure about 59 – 69 centimetres
(23.5 – 27.5 inches) and weigh approximately 41–50 kilos (90–110 pounds).
On the other hand, female Cane Corsos tend to have a slightly smaller frame. Similar to males, their height ranges from 59 – 69 centimetres (23.5 – 27.5 inches), but their weight is between 39–44 kilos (88–99 pounds).
Below is a chart depicting the differences in the growth rate of male and female Cane Corso dogs:
|Male Cane Corso Weight Chart|
|1 month||20 - 28 pounds|
|2 months||30 - 36 pounds|
|3 months||35 - 40 pounds|
|4 months||35 - 40 pounds|
|5 months||48 - 55 pounds|
|6 months||60 - 65 pounds|
|7 months||65 - 70 pounds|
|8 months||70 - 80 pounds|
|9 months||80 - 90 pounds|
|10 months||85 - 95 pounds|
|11 months||90 - 100 pounds|
|1 year||90 - 105 pounds|
|2 years||99 - 110 pounds|
|Female Cane Corso Weight Chart|
|1 month||16 - 25 pounds|
|2 months||26 - 32 pounds|
|3 months||30 - 37 pounds|
|4 months||36 - 43 pounds|
|5 months||42 - 50 pounds|
|6 months||55 - 60 pounds|
|7 months||60 - 65 pounds|
|8 months||65 - 72 pounds|
|9 months||68 - 75 pounds|
|10 months||75 - 82 pounds|
|11 months||80 - 90 pounds|
|1 year||85 - 95 pounds|
|2 years||88 - 99 pounds|
|Cane Corso Height Chart|
|2 months||30 - 38 centimetres|
|3 months||35 - 43 centimetres|
|4 months||40 - 50 centimetres|
|6 months||53 - 60 centimetres|
|1 year||55 - 66 centimetres|
|2 years||59 - 69 centimetres|
European vs. American Cane Corso Size
There is only one known Cane Corso breed. However, in recent years, a new variation was made in the United States, dubbed the American or non-traditional Cane Corso.
His lineage is slightly different from the original variety. Looking into it helps us understand what makes the two differ in terms of size and body physique.
The traditional Cane Corso dogs were direct descendants of the Italian Cane Corsos. Whilst the American variety was also descended from this bloodline, their ancestry includes other breeds of dogs.
Technically, there is no size difference between the two, but their build has a few distinctions from each other. Traditional Cane Corsos have the typical robust and muscled body.
In comparison, non-traditional Cane Corsos tend to be taller and possess slightly less muscle mass.
Due to their leaner body, they are more agile than traditional ones. It is how their variations in heritage led to a few deviations in their physical traits.
Cane Corso Life Expectancy
A breed’s size has some correlation to its lifespan. Scientists believe that large dogs, such as the Cane Corso, have shorter lifespans than smaller pooches because they age faster. Reaching old age leaves them very vulnerable to many diseases.
The average lifespan of the Cane Corso is between 10–12 years. Whilst the breed does not easily get sick, it is prone to inheriting some health issues, such as:
1. Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia in dogs is a skeletal condition caused by the malformation or loosening of the hip joint. It is often seen in large breed dogs such as the Cane Corso.
This condition results in muscle mass loss and stiffness in the affected limbs. Over time, it could result in the lameness of the legs. Fortunately, there are several treatment options for hip dysplasia.
Depending on the severity of their illness, affected dogs may require weight-reduction diets, exercise restrictions, and intake of joint supplements. In some cases, surgery might be necessary.
2. Patellar Luxation
The Cane Corso’s large size makes the breed highly susceptible to patellar luxation. It is a skeletal problem caused by the dislocation of the kneecap outside the thigh bone groove.
Some dogs suffer from this ailment from birth. Others may develop it due to poor nutrition and trauma or injury to their leg.
Patella luxation is a painful condition that can cause lameness and limpness of the limb. Untimely treatment can lead to severe osteoarthritis in dogs.
Treatment for this health problem may vary according to its severity. Mild cases can be cured through joint supplementation, the use of a knee brace, or massage therapy. Surgery is often the best option for dogs with severe patellar luxation.
3. Gastric Torsion
Also known as dog bloat, gastric torsion is life-threatening for any breed, especially for large dogs. It causes the intestine to twist on itself, restricting the proper blood flow in the body.
Lack of immediate medical attention can lead to serious heart complications. Treatment for dog bloat involves surgery wherein the vet untwists the intestines.
Since gastric torsion is not a one-time-occurring disease, dogs predisposed to this health issue may need gastropexy. It is a preventive surgical procedure that sutures the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm to prevent distension.
Choosing a reputable breeder greatly helps lower the risk of your Cane Corso from developing hereditary ailments. Their breeding stock, as well as puppies, are health-tested to ensure none of them inherited any breed-specific health issues.
How To Keep A Cane Corso Healthy
While there is no surefire way to prevent Cane Corso dogs from developing diseases, taking the following precautionary measures will reduce this risk:
1. Avoid Free Feeding
Leaving a bowl full of pet food for your dog to graze on throughout the day is a bad idea. It encourages meal binging, which is a risk factor in dog bloat.
Free feeding also makes pooches gain unnecessary weight. This adds more pressure to the joints, especially in large dog breeds like Cane Corsos, increasing their likelihood of developing musculoskeletal diseases.
Thus, carefully measure your pet’s meals to avoid overfeeding and then, divide them into smaller portions. Follow a strict feeding schedule to keep him trim.
2. Keep Exercise Minimal in Cane Corso Puppies
Young Cane Corso dogs have fragile developing bones. Subjecting them to intense and lengthy exercise activities will make them quickly develop joint problems when they become fully mature.
Ideally, exercise sessions should last for 1 to 2 minutes for each month of a puppy’s age. So if your pet is 4 months old, provide him with 4 to 8 minutes of exercise.
3. Give Your Dog Joint Supplements
Due to their predisposition to musculoskeletal ailments, Cane Corso dogs can benefit from glucosamine and chondroitin joint supplements. Consult the vet to find suitable products for your canine companion.
Also, consider providing your pet with omega-3 fatty acid supplements like fish oil. They are rich in anti-inflammatories that help combat swelling and soreness in the joints.
4. Groom Cane Corso Dogs Regularly
Keeping these large dogs clean and tidy keeps them from becoming targets of diseases. Fortunately, they are low maintenance, so their grooming sessions won’t be a tedious process.
Cane Corsos requires brushing once a week whilst bathing can be done monthly. Nail trimming and ear cleaning must be carried out every week. Tooth brushing should be a daily task as periodontal disease is prevalent in dogs regardless of breed.
Always check your dog’s body for any unusual changes such as the presence of lumps, hair loss, unusual discharge, or pungent odour. They might be early signs of an underlying disease.
5. Maintain Regular Vet Check-Ups
Routine vet examinations are very helpful in detecting illnesses in dogs during their early stages. It allows for timely diagnosis and treatment, which gives your pet better chances of recovering and living a healthy and happy life again.
A Good Fit For the Right Owner
The immense Cane Corso size and weight make the breed look intimidating and threatening. The stigma of them being aggressive dogs because of their physical appearance continues to persist.
However, this big dog is a wonderful, loving furry friend if owned by the right person.
Experienced dog owners are the most suitable fit for the Cane Corso dog. He needs an assertive and confident individual who can patiently and consistently provide him guidance throughout his life.
Novice dog owners should think twice before owning a Cane Corso. They will find it challenging to handle him during dog training.
He is a headstrong canine determined to do things his way. Being unable to control his stubbornness can lead to the formation of undesirable and dangerous habits.
Always do some research and self-reflection before making the ultimate choice to own a Cane Corso. Do not make any rushed decisions that you will regret in the end.
Many dogs end up in animal shelters and rehoming organisations because their owners cannot take good care of them.
Only bring a Cane Corso puppy home if you are fully capable of moulding him into a well-behaved and confident canine companion.
FAQs About Cane Corso Size
1. Is a Cane Corso a Large or Xl Dog?
The Cane Corso is a medium to large dog. Although he is a big and hefty canine, his size is relatively smaller than XL dog breeds like Great Danes, St. Bernards, and Tibetan Mastiffs.
2. Is a Cane Corso Bigger Than a Doberman?
A Cane Corso is relatively bigger than a Doberman. Both breeds are nearly similar in weight, but the Cane Corso weighs heavier.
Dobermans tend to possess leaner physiques, which makes them appear smaller when compared side by side with big and bulky Cane Corsos.
3. At What Age Is a Cane Corso Fully Grown?
Most Cane Corsos are fully grown at the age of 2 years. It takes them about 10 months to reach their maximum height then around a year to completely fill out their weight.
4. How Big Should a 6-Month-Old Cane Corso Be?
A 6-month-old Cane Corso puppy will weigh around 55 to 65 pounds (24 to 29 kilos) and stand approximately 53 to 60 centimetres (21 to 24 inches) tall.
As with any size measurements, these are simply estimations. Deviations in weight and height are not uncommon in dog breeds because their growth is influenced by different varying factors.
Cane Corsos are large and imposing canines that descended from an enormous ancient dog breed. Because of their size and temperament, they need experienced owners to help them grow into well-trained and calm family pets.
If you are a novice at caring for pooches, consider owning this breed of dog. Use our Dog Finder tool to find the perfect canine companion for you.