Scottish Fold

  • Scottish Folds in the UK
  • Scottish Fold Cat
  • Scottish Fold in the UK
Exercise Level:
Good with Children:
Good with other pets:
Height: 20 - 25cm M | 20 - 25cm F
Weight: 3 - 6kg M | 3 - 6kg F
Life Expectancy: 11 - 14 Years

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The Scottish Fold cat is readily identified by its forward folded ears, which give it an owlish look. Its large, shining eyes add to its feline appeal, complementing its sweet and gentle nature nicely. First appearing in the early 1960s, this cat breed is among the calmest. It is quiet and able to go about its daily business without vocalisation. When it does talk, it does so in a soft voice.

The Scottish Fold gets along with other pets and humans of all ages, making it a popular choice among families and individual owners.

book icon History

In 1961, a white cat with unusually folded ears was found by a shepherd in a barn in Scotland. When the feline, named Susie, had a litter, 2 of the kittens had the same folded ears. A neighbour, cat fancier William Ross, bought one of the said kittens and bred it with his own cat to develop a new breed. With the help of a geneticist, Ross was able to propagate the breed. The first three years yielded 76 Scottish Fold kittens, 42 of them with folded ears. It was later found out that the folded ears were due to a dominant gene.

In the beginning, Ross called the new breed “lop eared,” as inspired by a similar trait among rabbits. It was registered with the GCCF in 1966. The breed name was later changed to Scottish Fold. However, in 1970, the GCCF halted Scottish Fold registrations because of the risk of developing ear problems due to the mutation.

Just as the Scottish Fold registrations waned in the UK, it arrived in the US in 1970. In 1973, the breed was recognised by the Cat Fanciers’ Association. In 1978, it was awarded championship status.

All Scottish Fold cats can trace its parentage to Susie. Today, it is one of the most popular cat breeds in the world.

comb icon Appearance and Grooming

This cute cat has a medium-sized body that has a rounded shape, which lends it a very endearing look. Averaging 6-13 lbs, its body has a padded appearance and legs that are medium to short and proportionate to its body. The feet are rounded with neat toes. The tail is proportionate to its frame.

Its head is rounded and cheeks are prominent. Its eyes are large and round, adding to the adorable appeal of this breed. The eye colour is typically dependent on the coat colour. Its ears, the most distinctive feature for this breed, are folded forward and downward. It could be a single, double, or triple fold. Scottish Fold kittens are generally born with straight ears, however, they fold in 3 weeks. Interestingly, not all Scottish Fold cats have folded ears. Only 40% develop them, although the ones with straight ears are still valuable in developing the breed.

The Scottish Fold cat’s coat can be short or long. The short coat variety, which is more prevalent, is more dense, plush, and resilient. This feline’s coat can come in any combination or colour.

bulb icon Temperament and Intelligence

Energetic but not hyperactive, the Scottish Fold cat likes attention but it is not needy. It also exhibits canine traits. This cat breed is smart, gentle, obedient, and highly adaptable. Aside from its adorably round features, its affectionate nature has won over many feline fans. It is a great companion cat as it likes to follow its humans around and get involved in their activities. It tends to gravitate to one person in a household. As it gets along well with children and other pets, it makes for a wonderful family pet.

A trademark pose of this breed is the Buddha position, where it sits back and places its paws on its belly. Another charming trait of this feline is its preference for sleeping on its back. It is also known to do various tasks, even eat, using its paws. Although it is rather dog-like in its devotion to its human, the Scottish Fold does not vocalise too much. However, it will talk back when spoken to or to remind you about its meals.

food icon Nutrition and Feeding

The Scottish Fold cat should be given a nutritious diet that fulfils its breed’s nutritional requirements. It should be consistently given the same food following the same feeding schedule. If there are changes to its diet, those must be done gradually to avoid digestive problems.

The portion of each meal should depend on its weight, age, and activity level. The food must have at least 25% protein and just 5% carbohydrates.

stethoscope icon Health and Exercise

On average, the Scottish Fold cat’s life expectancy ranges from 12-15 years. Although it is a healthy breed, it is prone to develop the following hereditary health issues:

  • Osteochondrodystophy – this affects bone and cartilage development.
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Polycystic kidney disease

To minimise the possibility of having a Scottish Fold kitten that may develop a skeletal abnormality, acquire one from breeders that provide health guarantees. Beware of kittens with inflexible legs or thick and short tails.

As an indoor cat, the Scottish Fold’s weight should be monitored to ensure it does not become overweight. Although laid-back, it can be engaged in a game of fetch. It will also enjoy play time with a toy or two to keep it from lounging too much and possibly gaining weight.

pound icon Cost of Ownership

The price for a well-bred kitten ranges from £400-1,000. Insurance costs would reach £12 (basic) to £25 (lifetime) a month. The food expenses may be £15-£20 monthly. For vaccinations, boosters, annual checks and other veterinary costs, pet care costs may add up to more than £600 yearly.

On average, a Scottish Fold owner will spend about £40-£60 per month. The insurance costs can also influence the expenses. For its lifetime (12-15 years), the expenses can be as low as £5,760 to as high as £10,800. This range does not include the expenses incurred in buying a Scottish Fold kitten.

Scottish Fold Breed Highlights

  • The Scottish Fold cat is a very affectionate and gentle feline that loves human company, making it a good family pet.
  • This cat breed has dog-like traits, such as following its owners around and enjoying a game of fetch.
  • It needs to be combed a number of times weekly to keep its coat mat-free.
  • Although not as active as other cats, the Scottish Fold likes to play and cuddle.
  • As it thrives on company, this feline will not do well if left alone for long periods.
  • The Scottish Fold is a healthy breed but is exposed to the risk of developing skeletal abnormalities.

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The information, including measurements, prices and other estimates, on this page is provided for general reference purposes only.

Latest Articles for Scottish Fold

Health Issues in Scottish Fold
Health Issues in Scottish Fold Health Issues in Scottish Fold

18th May 2019

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Scottish Folds are sturdy breeds that can live up to fifteen years. However, these felines are subjected to strict guidelines when it comes to breeding to aid in maintaining their health. The general rule is that only one cat parent should have the folded ear gene.

A Guide to a Happy Scottish Fold
A Guide to a Happy Scottish Fold A Guide to a Happy Scottish Fold

31st Dec 2018

Reading Time: 4 minutes

With round eyes, round faces, round whisker pads curving forward, and round bodies, the Scottish fold has made her existence known all around the world. In fact, the internet sensation, Maru the cat, is a Scottish fold feline with straight ears.

5 Black Cat Breeds: Which Black Cat Is Your Purrfect Match?
5 Black Cat Breeds: Which Black Cat Is Your Purrfect Match? 5 Black Cat Breeds: Which Black Cat Is Your Purrfect Match?

9th Oct 2018

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Are you thinking of acquiring a black cat? Or is your desire of having one wavered because of superstitions? Black cats are the talk in many countries, due to old myths and superstitions on whether it brings bad misfortune or a good one.

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