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The Beauceron is a handsome dog originating from France. Although it is an old breed and is even a parent breed to the Dobermann, it is largely unknown in the UK.
This large canine looks similar to the Dobermann and is a herding breed. Intelligent, gentle, and calm, the Beauceron is an excellent guard dog and is very devoted to its family. Being a high-energy and intelligent dog, it needs a lot of exercise and mental stimulation to keep it from being bored. Its short-haired coat sheds minimally and requires less grooming.
The Beauceron is an old breed developed exclusively in France. A document written in 1578 is said to have been the first description of the breed. Contrary to its name, this pooch was found throughout northern France and not just in the Beauce region.
Beaucerons herded sheep and cattle and guarded them from wolves. They were also used as messengers, search and rescue canines, transporters, land mine detectors, and police, and army dogs.
This breed is a powerful dog that stands 61 to 70 centimetres in height and weighs 66 to 100 pounds. It has a sturdy physique with a head proportional to its body, and a strong neck. A distinctive physical attribute usually seen in French herding dogs is having double declaws on the hind legs.
It has a short waterproof coat, consisting of a dense undercoat and a coarse straight outer coat. The acceptable colours according to the Kennel Club are black-tan, as well as a tricolor of grey-black-tan.
Grooming is a breeze for Beauceron owners as they have a short, low-maintenance coat. It does not require trimming or stripping, and baths can be done a few times in a year or as needed. They are light shedders, which can be managed through weekly brushing.
Aside from caring for your dog’s coat, make sure to regularly trim nails, clean ears and check for ticks or fleas. An overlooked aspect of dog ownership is a good oral hygiene. Take care of your dog’s teeth and gums to prevent disease and bad breath by brushing them at least twice or three times a week. Appropriate chew bones/toys, which your pets will enjoy, can help build strong teeth, as well also help remove plaque and dirt.
As guard dogs, Beaucerons can be protective by nature and suspicious of strangers but not necessarily aggressive. They can be extremely aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex. Unless raised with other pets, it is best not to introduce other pets in your home.
Beaucerons are not for first-time dog owners and timid people. Training can be very challenging because it is an independent thinker that would test dominance. Owners need to establish their alpha status. As soon as a chain of command has been established, this breed will do well in basic obedience training and then advanced training for tricks and agility.
They are not aggressive with children but they tend to nip and chase as part of their herding instincts. Overall, this breed is not for families with unruly small children.
Each breed may have a certain pre-disposition in terms of temperament and intelligence. However, like humans, each dog is unique. A lot of factors play a role in developing its personality and abilities. Genetics are a factor but the environments where the puppy is born, and then later on raised have a huge influence.
A typical serving for an adult Beauceron is 3 to 5 cups of excellent quality dry dog food per day. Nonetheless, each breed is unique so the amount of food depends on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Before getting a dog, research about the basic nutritional requirements of the breed. As your dog grows under your care, learn its distinct characteristics to know the right amount and best food to give.
Typical calorie needs of adult Beaceron per day:
Beaucerons need a special type of dog food for large herding dogs that fits their way of life. There are various brands that have created specific lines to support a healthy weight and strengthen joints of large dogs. The key ingredient is protein, which should mainly come from meat (beef, bison, chicken, and lamb).
Since Beucerons are prone to bloat, they thrive on small frequent meals. That being said, they should not be overfed treats and table scraps. Neither should they be fed immediately before or after a strenuous activity or they may experience digestive issues.
This breed is prone to hip and elbow dysplasia because of its high level of physical activity. It is important to include food and/or supplements with glucosamine, which can be found in chicken cartilage. Like all breeds, they should be given healthy fats for a healthy coat.
The average lifespan of Beaucerons is 10 to 12 years. The breed is generally healthy but predisposed to the following conditions:
Beaucerons are not for apartment living or for families who want laidback pets. Since they were bred to assist farmers, they thrive in country and farm settings. They require plenty of exercise, having a constant desire for physical and mental activities. They are perfect for active people who enjoy the outdoors. They are a great companion for walking, hiking, biking, and swimming. It is important to meet their exercise needs or they exhibit chewing and digging behaviours.
To acquire a well-bred Beauceron, expect to be put on a waitlist as there are very few Beauceron puppies for sale each year. You may spend at least £600 for a pedigreed pup. Insurance may cost about £58 (basic) to £105 (lifetime) monthly. The food expenses may reach about £40-£50 per month. For vaccinations, boosters, annual checks and other veterinary costs, pet care expenses may add up to more than £1,500 per year.
On average, a Beauceron owner will spend about £110-£160 per month. The insurance costs can also impact these cost estimates. For its lifetime (10-12 years), the costs can range from £13,200 to £23,040 overall. This estimate does not include the expenditures incurred in buying a puppy, though.
Are you sure the Beauceron is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Are you ready to buy a Beauceron? If you're having trouble deciding, take the Pet Finder to find other suitable dog breeds.
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