The Belgian Shepherd dog is a medium to large dog and comes in four varieties that differ mainly in their coats. The Malinois has a short coarse coat, mahogany-coloured. The Groenendael has relatively long hair. The Laekenois has wiry, short, and overall fawn-coloured hair with intermixed white hairs. The Tervueren has thicker, long coat, longer than the Groenendael. They all sport double coats where the undercoat is very dense and the topcoat is profuse with hair.
Other than their coats, the four varieties of BSD breeds have similar appearance and structure. They have long and finely-chiselled heads. Foreheads are domed-shape and muzzles are square-cut and moderately long, and black noses with flared nostrils. Their eyes are almond-shaped, and the mouth is firm and well-pigmented, supported with strong jaws. Their height from the ground to the withers is equal to its length (tail not included).
Grooming-wise, Belgian Shepherds are high-maintenance when it comes to their coat. Since they have profuse undercoats, a weekly brushing is essential. Spring and Autumn require more frequent brushing since at these times of the year, they tend to shed more.
Other grooming requirements include the teeth and nails. Brush the BSD's teeth twice or thrice a week to remove tartar and prevent gum disease and bad breath. Regularly trim nails to keep their feet in excellent condition. As you groom, look for signs of infection such as redness, unusual warmth and tenderness. If you find anything that is not normal, consult a veterinarian.