The Bergamasco is a native of Italy, specifically in the Italian Alps near Bergamo. It was originally bred as a herding and guarding dog because of its exceptional intelligence and independent nature. However, the Bergamasco breed can be traced back seven thousand years in the Middle East, now believed to be somewhere between Iran and Iraq. The ancestors of the Bergamasco arrived in Italy in the middle of migratory populations, some spreading over the borders of the Alps.
This dog breed was once in danger of becoming extinct during World War II when the need for wool was driven low. Thus, shepherds and dogs found themselves unemployed. Dr Maria Andreoli, an Italian breeder, saved the breed in the early 1960s when she re-established the consistency and homogeneity to the Bergamasco Breed.
Today, the Bergamasco standard is upheld by enthusiasts in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Finland, United States, Canada, and other countries.