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The Bloodhound descended from St. Hubert hounds bred in France during the 12th century. This large dog weighs 80 to 110 pounds and stands 58 to 69 centimetres at the withers. It is a tenacious scenthound but it is a gentle, mild- mannered and loving companion. It remains a popular breed for people with active lifestyles, and is used by policemen in search and rescue.
Has the Bloodhound caught your attention? Here is a brief background of this persistent scenthound.
Bloodhounds are believed to have come from the hounds developed by Abbey St. Hubert monks in France in the 12th century. In 1066, William the Conqueror brought these St. Hubert hounds to England, and were given as gifts to monarchs and nobles.
As the popularity of the St. Hubert Hounds dwindled in France because of the French Revolution, they became more famous in England because aside from being great animal hunters, they were also used to track down criminals. The modern Bloodhounds we see today come from the specimens developed in England. They continue to be one of the most popular breeds and are used for tracking and K9 work. The breed is also a highly prized companion dog breed especially of people with active lifestyles.
Bloodhounds are large scenthounds with a noble and honourable expression. This powerful dog weighs 80 to 110 pounds and stands 58 to 69 centimetres at the withers. It is often described as sad looking because of its loose skin that forms creases and folds. It has a large, yet narrow head, which is proportion to its length, and slightly tapering to its muzzle. It also has a long neck and a strong jaw with a perfect scissor bite. Its nose is black with open nostrils while its ears are long almost reach the ground. Its medium eyes are either hazel or dark brown. It has a remarkably large bone structure, apparent in its muscular shoulders and hindquarters.
According to The Kennel Club standards, the breed comes in these colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and red. A little bit of white on the chest, feet and tip of the tail is permissible. It is very easy to maintain grooming-wise because its weatherproof coat is short and glossy. Regular brushing is needed to keep it healthy. This breed is known to drool and have that strong, off-putting hound odour, but that does not necessarily mean it is dirty. To lessen the odour, use shampoo with oatmeal and always wipe its mouth, skin and folds.
The Bloodhound’s pendulous ears tend to suffer from recurring ear infections so make sure it is always clean and dry. Dental health is also important so tooth brushing should be introduced while it is a puppy so it will get used to this routine process. To ensure that your pet’s physical health is in top shape, keep its nails trimmed and skin checked for fleas and red bumps or spots. These aspects should definitely not be ignored to lessen chances of infections or other diseases.
The Bloodhound is tenacious when it comes to following a scent but it is a gentle, mild- mannered and affectionate hound. It is never aggressive towards people or other dogs. As a breed that thrives in the outdoors, it is not recommended for people who live in apartments. It is better off in a farm or ranch in the countryside where it can freely roam around. That being said, it needs to live indoors with its owners. While it may be tolerant of children, it is better for families with older children that can handle large and active dogs. It can live with other dogs especially those it grows up with.
Bloodhounds are highly intelligent and trainable but independent and stubborn by nature. This breed would choose to ignore a command especially when it goes after a scents it “needs” to follow. It also has a tendency to test whether you mean what you say. This is the reason why it is not recommended for first-time dog owners as it needs an owner who is loving yet firm and consistent. It may be a large dog but it is sensitive to harsh treatment. As it tends to pout and hide, positive reinforcements will make trainings successful.
This breed is also known as a chewer, may it be food that smells so good or a new object that looks interesting. To remedy this, give it plenty of chew toys and introduce which things can be played with or not. Originally bred to trail deer and boar, today’s Bloodhounds are used to assist the police in search and rescue. It is also a great family dog that requires a high level of care.
A typical serving for an adult Bloodhound is 4 to 8 cups of excellent quality dry dog food per day. Because it is prone to bloat, divide its meal into two or three, and avoid heavy exercise before or after feeding. This breed is a messy eater so try tucking its ear into a snood before meals. Its water dish bowl should have a narrow diameter.
Typical calorie needs of adult Bloodhounds per day:
To ensure they get the right balance of nutrients, Bloodhounds should be fed high-quality dog food formulated for large and active dogs. The most important nutritional consideration for all dogs is protein to promote muscle and tissue growth. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are specifically important for the bones and joints of large dogs. Carbohydrates tend to have a bad name but people need to understand that they provide dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals. They should come from complex carbs like oats and sweet potato, not from wheat, corn and soy.
Large dogs tend to a have shorter lifespan and Bloodhounds are expected live to up to 8 years. This breed is generally healthy but prone to certain health issues such as bloat, Fold Dermatitis, Hip and Elbow Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Entropion, Ectropion, and Hypothyroidism. Consult your veterinarian to check if your Bloodhound displays peculiar behaviour, which may be a sign of illness.
In the exercise front, the Bloodhound was bred as a determined scenthound so it needs plenty of physical and mental activities. At least two hours of physical exercise spread throughout the day is needed to keep it happy. If it is unable to release its energy, it can become destructive, bark excessively, and even try to escape to look for something to do. A great exercise and bonding activity is giving it scent jobs. It will also happily accompany you in your runs and hunting expeditions.
Costs of owning large dogs are higher than small ones. For one, they have bigger appetites. High quality dog food and treats cost £70 monthly per month. Basic necessities like beds, bowls, toys, leashes, and others would be around £200 to £300.
Neutering/spaying, routine veterinary visits, preventive care, and flea treatments can go around £1,500 for the first year alone. Obtaining pet insurance for your large hound is recommended in case of long-term treatments or major surgeries. Basic cover is around £70, while lifetime policy will roughly be £130 a month.
Are you sure the Bloodhound is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Do you feel like a Bloodhound is too much for you and your family to handle? Take our Pet Finder to help you find the best breed for you.
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