The Border Collie is a well-balanced, athletic dog that exudes intelligence, strength and grace. It weighs 30 to 45 pounds and stands 46-58 centimetres at the withers. It has a fairly broad skull, strong, and muscular neck, moderately short muzzle, and athletic body. Its eyes are oval-shaped, usually black and set wide apart. Its medium ears are set well apart and erect, or semi-erect. Its nose can be black or brown if the coat is brown or chocolate.
According to The Kennel Club standards, Border Collies can come in various colours except solid white. The most popular is black with a white blaze, with or without tan. It can also come in other solid colours, bicolour, tricolour, and merle.
Border Collies come in two types of weather-resistant coats: (1) moderately long and rough, and (2) short and smooth. Both types have dense topcoats and soft undercoats. The medium-length coat variety has thicker hair on the neck and upper shoulders that forms a mane. It also has feathering on the chest, belly and legs. Grooming in both types are a breeze as weekly brushing is enough to prevent matting and distribute natural oils. Bathing can be done as needed, about 3 to 4 times a year or when it has that doggy smell.
When grooming your dog, do not focus only on the coat. You also need to clean the ears, brush the teeth, trim nails and check for ticks or fleas. Doing these things regularly will help in early detection of diseases and other abnormalities.