The Border collie is a well-balanced, athletic dog that exudes intelligence, strength, and grace. It weighs 30–45 pounds and stands 46–58 centimetres at the withers. It has a fairly broad skull, strong and muscular neck, moderately short muzzle, and athletic body. Its eyes are oval-shaped, usually black and set wide apart. Its medium ears are set well apart and erect, or semi-erect. Its nose can be black or brown if the coat is brown or chocolate.
According to the Kennel Club standards, the Border collie can come in various colours except solid white. The most popular is black with a white blaze, with or without tan. It can also come in other solid colours, bicolour, tricolour, and merle.
The Border collie comes in two types of weather-resistant coats: (1) moderately long and rough and (2) short and smooth. Both types have dense topcoats and soft undercoats. The medium-length coat variety has thicker hair on the neck and upper shoulders that forms a mane. It also has feathering on the chest, belly and legs. Grooming in both types is a breeze as weekly brushing is enough to prevent matting and distributes natural oils. Bathing can be done as needed, about three to four times a year or when it has that doggy smell.
When grooming your dog, do not focus only on the coat. You also need to clean the ears, brush the teeth, trim nails, and check for ticks or fleas. Doing these things regularly will help in detecting diseases and other abnormalities early.