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The Brittany Spaniel, simply called the Brittany, originated and got its name from a French northwestern region. A medium-sized dog, it stands 47 to 51 centimetres at the withers and weighs 30 to 45 pounds. It is a happy and sweet-natured dog especially to its family. However it can be very hyperactive and requires two hours’ worth of exercise.
Are you thinking of getting a Brittany Spaniel? Here is a brief background of this compact and lively gundog.
The Brittany Spaniel originated from the northwestern region in France called Brittany. Similar-looking dogs were seen in paintings and tapestries in the 17 century. They were developed to hunt, point and retrieve game. The Brittanys we see today are said to have been crossed with English Setters. The first recognised Brittany was a dog named Boy, which was registered in France in 1907. That same year, the first standards were made. The Brittany may have been called a spaniel family but its working characteristics are similar to pointer gundogs.
Breeders nowadays often differentiate between American Brittanys and French Brittanys, which are the same breed with the former being taller and quicker. Because of its appealing appearance, as well as its kind and loyal nature, the breed remains one of the most popular gundogs in France and Europe.
The Brittany is an elegant, lively and medium-sized dog with an intelligent and vigorous expression. Being one of the smallest gundog breeds, it stands 47 to 51 centimetres at the withers and weighs 30 to 45 pounds. It has a slightly rounded head, a tapered muzzle, strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite, and a medium-length neck. Its expressive eyes are brown to dark and its ears are triangular with slightly rounded tips. This dog is solidly built yet lightweight and moderately well-boned.
The Brittany Spaniel has an attractive dense and flat coat that is not curly or wiry. It has a lot of feathering on the ears, abdomen and back legs. According to The Kennel Club standards, the colours should be orange and white, liver and white, black and white, roan, or tricolour. Grooming is quite easy because it does not have an undercoat, making it less bulky. It does need regular brushing to avoid matts and tangles. It may be necessary to trim overgrown feathering to keep it tidy.
As it is generally a clean dog, bathe your Brittany as needed. Always make sure your dog’s teeth are brushed twice a week, ears cleaned and dried, nails trimmed, and skin inspected for abnormalities and fleas.
Brittany Spaniels are known to be happy, alert and sweet-natured gundogs. Well-trained Brittanys are easy going family pets that form a strong bond with its family. They are great with kids but always supervise interactions as their enthusiasm may cause accidental injury. This breed may be better for active older children as its energy may overwhelm toddlers. It does well with other medium to large pets, even cats. Steer clear from birds at all costs or it will be a disaster waiting to happen.
Trainings are generally easy because they are people-pleasers and sensitive to correction. As long as they are not distracted with birds, their favourite prey, they will gladly participate and respond in trainings. If not socialised early, they have a tendency to be shy and aloof to people outside of the household. As an intelligent and energetic dog, it requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.
Each breed may have a certain pre-disposition when it comes to temperament and intelligence. However, this does not mean that your puppy will inherit all these traits. Its upbringing has a huge impact on its overall character.
A typical serving for an adult Brittany is 1.5 to 2 cups of excellent quality dry dog food per day. The amount of food depends on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism should be considered.
Typical calorie needs of adult Brittany Spaniel per day:
This breed usually has a good appetite but may skip a meal when nervous or upset. As an active dog, a large percentage of their diet should be composed of animal meat like beef, lamb, chicken, or fish. Stay away from low-quality dog food with artificial fillers to avoid allergies. Always measure your dog’s meal and avoid free-feeding especially neutered adults because they are more prone to obesity.
The Brittany Spaniel is generally a healthy breed but can be predisposed to certain conditions. For instance, as an active dog, it is prone to Hip Dysplasia. It can also have ear problems, Epilepsy, DLE- Discoid Lupus Erythematosus and Luxating patella.
Because of its high energy, some people are think twice because they may not be able to fulfil its exercise needs. This is the reason why, this breed is recommended for people with an active lifestyle and could spend at least 2 hours of physically and mentally-stimulating activities.
Brittanys are moderately expensive dogs since it is a medium-sized dog with no special eating requirements. Plus, it does need to be taken to a professional groomer. Obtaining a well-bred Brittany will cost £500 to £700 and insuring it will be around £20 to £40 per month, depending on coverage.
Vet fees can cost as much as £1,000 on the first year for veterinary routine check-ups, neutering, vaccination, deworming, and others. This does not include major surgeries or long-term medication.
Are you sure the Brittany Spaniel is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Is the Brittany too hyperactive for you? The Pet Finder on our website will help you choose a more suitable pet dog.
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