The handsome and robust Caucasian shepherd dog is a strongly boned and well-muscled giant breed, which characteristics have made it an effective pastoral dog. Males are a lot taller and heavier than females, standing 65–75 and 70– 90 centimetres and weighing 99–176, and 121–220 pounds for females and males respectively.
The Caucasian shepherd has a very large, broad head with a slightly defined stop, with the female having a faintly more refined shape. It has a short neck, powerful muzzle that narrows gently to the nose, and strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite. Its eyes are medium-sized, brown, and oval, whilst its ears are triangular and set high. Its body is nicely proportioned to its head.
The Caucasian shepherd boasts of a beautiful double coat composed of a long and coarse outercoat paired with a thick, dense, and soft undercoat. It has a short and smooth hair on the forehead, muzzle, and front legs, as well as longer hair on its cheeks and the back of its head that stands away from the body, giving it a bearlike appearance. It generally has a darker mask on its mask.
It comes in the following colours: (1) agouti grey, with or without markings; (2) white, cream, fawn or reddish fawn, tan or reddish tan, fulvous, with or without white markings; (3) brindle with grey markings; (4) piebald with grey markings; and (5) white with grey markings. Maintaining this attractive coat takes time and effort especially that it sheds heavily. Although it does not require any type of specialist grooming, it needs to be brushed frequently to avoid tangles and mats.
To ensure the physical health of your Caucasian shepherd, ensure that you also take care of its teeth, nails, and ears. If these areas are overlooked, your pet may be prone to infections, which can lead to serious medical conditions. Its skin should also be checked for abnormal spots and fleas.