The handsome and robust Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a strongly boned and well-muscled giant breed, which characteristics have made it an effective pastoral dog. Males are a lot taller and heavier than females, standing 65 to 75 and 70 to 90 centimetres, and weighing 99 to 176, and 121 to 220 pounds for females and males, respectively.
Caucasian Shepherds have very large, broad heads with a slightly defined stop, with females having a faintly more refined shape. They have a short neck, powerful muzzles that narrow gently to the nose and strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite. Their eyes are medium-sized, brown and oval, while their ears are triangular and set high. Their bodies are nicely proportioned to their heads.
The Caucasian Shepherd boasts of a beautiful double coat composed of a long and coarse outer coat paired with a thick, dense and soft undercoat. It has a short and smooth hair on the forehead, muzzle and front legs, as well as longer hair on its cheeks and the back of its heads that stands away from the body, giving it a bear-like appearance. It generally has a darker mask on its mask.
It comes in the following colours: (1) agouti grey, with or without markings; (2) white, cream, fawn or reddish fawn, tan or reddish tan, fulvous, with or without white markings; (3) Brindle with grey markings; (4) piebald with grey markings; and (5) white with grey markings. Maintaining this attractive coat takes time and effort especially that it sheds heavily. Although it does not require any type of specialist grooming, it needs to be brushed frequently to avoid tangles and matts.
To ensure the physical health of your Caucasian Shepherd, ensure that you also take care of its teeth, nails, and ears. If these areas are overlooked, your pet may be prone to infections that can lead to serious medical conditions. Its skin should also be checked for abnormal spots and fleas.