The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the largest toy breeds. Both female and male Cavalier King Charles Spaniels weigh around 5.4–8.2 kilos (12–18 pounds) and stands 30–33 centimetres (12–13 inches) at the withers.
The average litter size of female Cavaliers is 5 puppies. However, female Cavaliers who are giving birth for the first time usually have a smaller litter size. It only consists of around 2–3 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppies.
The gentle and charming expression of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels along with their constantly wagging tail easily wins hearts. These toy dogs have a slightly flat skull, well-tapered muzzle, slightly arched neck, and short-coupled body.
Some people could not distinguish the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed from the King Charles Spaniel breed. Whilst the 2 look similar, obvious differences are the former’s large but non-prominent eyes and longer nose.
According to the Kennel Club breed standards for the Cavalier, the accepted coat colors are black and tan, ruby, Blenheim (red and white variety inspired by the Blenheim Palace), and tricolor black and white with tan markings. Other colors and combinations are considered faults.
The elegant-looking Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed has a long, straight, silky coat with lots of feathering on the ears, chest, legs, tail, and feet. Although there may be a slight wave, the coat should never be curly.
Cavaliers may have long, lovely hair, but they are not really fussy dogs grooming-wise. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel shedding is moderate. Thus, daily brushing is recommended, especially if they stay indoors most of the time.
Take time to brush the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s fur under the tail and back of the legs since these areas are more prone to matting. Avoid damaging his coat by using a boar bristle brush or a pin brush.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s coat does not require any clipping or trimming, and you should never do so if you plan to let him participate in dog shows. But overgrown fur on his feet should be trimmed to prevent it from knotting, which can make walking difficult for him.
Bathing Cavalier King Charles Spaniels can be done as needed to prevent stripping off their skin’s natural oils. These Toy Spaniels have a water-resistant coat, so shampoo them twice to really get rid of the dirt and residue.
For good overall health, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s grooming regimen must not only include the coat. Be sure to check for ticks or fleas daily. Trim his fast-growing nails weekly, as overgrown nails can cause pain whilst walking.
This Cavalier King Charles Spaniel toy dog breed has drop ears that tend to quickly accumulate bacteria and dust. Thus, cleaning his ears thoroughly once a week is necessary to prevent ear infections.
Teeth and gum disease is a common problem in all dog breeds. Brushing the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s teeth daily will lower the risk of periodontal diseases.