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The English Bull Terrier or Bull Terrier is thought to be a cross between the Bulldog and the Old English Terrier. He was bred for dogfighting in the 19th century. Later on, English gentlemen kept them as companion dogs.
Although he was primarily developed to be a fighting dog, the modern Bull Terrier is a people-loving pooch. He is amicable towards children and even strangers. If properly socialized at a young age, he can forge good friendships with other pets.
English Bull Terriers are low-maintenance dogs since their short coats are easy to groom. They are quite intelligent but tend to be stubborn, so they are not a good choice for novice owners. This dog breed can live up to 10–15 years.
Has an English Bull Terrier puppy caught your attention? Here is a brief background of this wonderful companion dog with an egg-shaped head.
The English Bull Terrier dog breed, or simply Bull Terrier, is believed to have been first bred in 1835. He was developed by James Hinks, who crossed the English Bulldog with the now-extinct White English Terrier.
The resulting dogs were crossed with Spanish Pointers to increase their size.
English Bull Terriers were referred to as the Bull-and-Terrier dogs at that time. They became fierce dogfighters in the ring, yet well-mannered toward people.
In 1850, a man named James Hinks bred an all-white Bull-and-Terrier dog. This white dog was called the White Cavalier, who became a popular companion of gentlemen.
After selective breeding with other Terrier-type dogs, a breed standard for White Bull Terrier was created.
In 1885, the English Bull Terrier was acknowledged by the American Kennel Club. In 1887, the first Bull Terrier club was founded.
In the 1900s, the coloured English Bull Terriers and the white variations were accepted as one type and breed. Shortly after, Miniature Bull Terriers were produced.
The Standard English Bull Terrier and the Miniature Bull Terrier are recognised by the Kennel Club as separate dog breeds. The English Bull Terrier is classified by the Kennel Club under the Terrier Group.
The English Bull Terrier breed is a medium-sized dog with a full, round, and well-muscled body. Both adult male and female English Bull Terriers can grow up to 53–55 centimetres (21–22 inches) in height.
They have a slight difference in weight, as male English Bull Terriers tend to be heavier. They weigh around 22–31 kilos (50–70 pounds).
On the other hand, female English Bull Terriers weigh around 22–27 kilos (50–60 pounds). They have an average litter size of 5 puppies.
English Bull Terrier puppies reach their full height when they are around 12–14 months of age. However, they will continue to add on more weight for up to a year. They will reach their full size when they turn 20–24 months old.
The English Bull Terrier dog breed has a unique appearance, highlighted by his long, egg-shaped head (when viewed at the front) and small, thin ears that are placed close together. His black or dark brown, obliquely-placed eyes appear narrow and triangular.
English Bull Terriers have a black nose that bends downwards at the tips and with well-developed nostrils. They have a strong, deep underjaw and a muscular, strong neck.
The English Bull Terrier breed has a short, even, and harsh yet shiny coat. According to the Kennel Club breed standards, the accepted colours are (1) pure white, which can only have minimal markings on the head, and (2) coloured, which can be black, red, brindle, fawn, and tricolour.
The short coats of English Bull Terriers are easy to groom. They have a soft, textured undercoat that grows in the winter and disappears in the hotter months. Their no-fuss coat only needs weekly brushing, which becomes more frequent during shedding season.
Grooming is a great way to have bonding time with your English Bull Terrier dog. His easy-to-maintain coat should not stop you from doing so, because other aspects need attention.
The English Bull Terrier’s teeth need daily brushing, whilst cleaning his ears is a weekly task.
The English Bull Terrier’s nails should be clipped weekly. Most dogs feel uncomfortable when their nails are being clipped, so you have to be extra careful not to cut them too short. Always have styptic powder or cornflour ready in case they bleed.
Your English Bull Terrier’s grooming regimen should be introduced early, so he can understand that these routine processes mean no harm.
The English Bull Terrier breed is wonderful with children, as he does not get easily riled up by their antics and naughtiness. But he is better off with a family with more mature children. His energetic personality may be too much for an infant or a toddler.
All dog–children interactions should always be supervised to avoid any accidents. Early socialisation and training are needed to establish ground rules and avoid unwanted behaviour at home and in other places.
Yes, English Bull Terriers are good family dogs. Over the years, they have been developed to become wonderful pets and companions. They are calm, loyal, fun-loving, and courageous dogs that form a strong bond with their owners, including children.
However, the downside is that English Bull Terriers tend to develop separation anxiety, so someone needs to stay with them whilst the other family members are gone.
Yes, most Bull Terriers like to cuddle. These small dogs love to bond together with their families, so it is not surprising that they enjoy snuggles and belly rubs too.
However, some English Bull Terriers may not be fond of these affectionate gestures. Do not force a hug on them. Instead, slowly train them to like it with the help of positive reinforcement.
Yes, English Bull Terriers are easy to train for they are intelligent and fast learners. However, they are not ideal for first-time dog owners because of their dominant and stubborn characteristics.
Early on, experienced owners should claim their alpha role and teach their English Bull Terriers their place in the pack. They will need a firm yet gentle hand as well as positive reinforcements to make training effective.
Are English Bull Terriers dangerous? No, English Bull Terriers are not aggressive nor dangerous to people, unless they are provoked.
When it comes to other pets, English Bull Terriers get along with those they grow up with. But they might consider other small animals as a fair game.
No. English Bull Terriers are not on the dangerous dogs list in the UK, but Pit Bulls are. It is important to know that in the UK, dangerous dogs are labelled according to their appearance rather than breed-specific.
The assessment of the physical characteristics will be made by the court. If your dog matches the description of the prohibited type, then he will be classified as a dangerous dog.
As a rough guide, the daily serving for adult English Bull Terriers is 2–4 cups of excellent-quality dry dog food per day.
But to be sure, ask a trusted vet since the amount of food depends on your dog’s age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. There is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to dog nutrition.
Here are the typical calorie needs of an adult English Bull Terrier per day:
English Bull Terrier dog owners have the option to prepare their dog’s meals at home or go for commercial dry kibbles or canned food.
Choosing to make your Bull Terrier’s food yourself can be more expensive and impractical than buying ready-made dog food. However, you will get to control everything that goes into his body, especially since this breed is prone to kidney and skin problems.
To avoid nutrient deficiencies, supplements will be the key.
On the other hand, commercial dog food is an easier way, but it isn’t necessarily cheap since you will need to choose high-quality brands with limited ingredients.
The number one ingredient for both food choices should be animal meat. Avoid simple carbohydrates that raise blood glucose quickly.
Genetics, environment, diet, and exercise influence the overall health of your dog. A properly-cared-for English Bull Terrier dog breed can live up to 10–15 years. Like other breeds, he can be predisposed to certain health issues such as:
It means the dislocation of the kneecap or patella. This causes affected English Bull Terriers to suffer from lameness and mobility issues.
Mild cases of this condition often need a combination of treatments involving medications, weight management, and physical therapy. Surgery is the common option for severe forms of luxating patella.
Mitral Valve Disease
The leaking of the mitral valve, which is found in the heart, results in this cardiovascular problem. It is a serious health issue that must be addressed, as it can lead to the loss of life if left untreated.
Medications will be prescribed to the affected English Bull Terrier dog if he is not eligible for valve repair surgery.
This is a serious hereditary skin disease that is highly common in the English Bull Terrier dogs with white skin and coats. Its most common symptoms are painful blisters, growth impediments, broken nails, and pneumonia.
Sadly, lethal acrodermatitis has no cure, but treatments that can hinder its progression are available.
The English Bull Terrier dog breed is athletic and has high energy levels. Thus, it has high exercise needs and is better suited for an active family. A total of 2 hours spread throughout the day is needed to release his energy.
English Bull Terriers will be happy to be walked on a lead twice a day as well as to be allowed to roam around the back garden anytime. Make sure you keep an eye on your dog the whole time, and the fencing must be sturdy or he will try to escape.
Part of caring for an English Bull Terrier puppy is feeding him high-quality food that suits his age. The monthly cost for food is roughly £50 depending on the brand you choose.
Providing your English Bull Terrier puppy with his necessities such as a dog bed, collar, lead, and toys will help him quickly feel at home. Purchasing these items can total up to £200–£400.
Keep in mind that acquiring a healthy English Bull Terrier puppy from a reputable breeder does not mean he is not vulnerable to diseases. Thus, he will need regular visits to the vet. Each check-up session will cost you around £30–£60.
Vaccination will also help safeguard your English Bull Terrier puppy from deadly illnesses. Prepare to pay around £100–150 for the first jabs of vaccine and £50–£60 for annual boosters.
Vet expenses are often expensive and may even skyrocket especially during emergencies. Consider getting pet insurance as it can lower your English Bull Terrier puppy's medical bills.
A time-limited package has a monthly fee of around £15–£20, whilst a lifetime cover will require you to spend about £18 to over £80 monthly.
If you are considering buying a well-bred English Bull Terrier pedigree puppy, be prepared to pay around £2,000–£3,500. Get your puppy from a reputable breeder, and beware of illicit breeders who will try to sell sickly and unstable-tempered puppies.
You may also want to adopt an English Bull Terrier from an animal rescue organisation or rehoming centre.
Are you sure the English Bull Terrier is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Are you ready to take home an English bull terrier? If you are not entirely sure, try our Pet Finder for more suggested breeds.
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