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The English Toy Terrier is a small terrier breed in the toy dog group. It is considered one of the oldest native toy breeds and is similar in appearance to a Doberman. In the US and Canada, the English Toy Terrier is the same breed as the Manchester Terrier, albeit a smaller version. However, in the UK, the English Toy Terrier is considered as a separate breed. It weighs 6 to 8 pounds and stands 25 to 30 centimetres at the withers. English Toy Terriers are lively, sporty and highly energetic by nature. They are an extremely loyal breed especially to its family.
Do you want to care for an English Toy Terrier? Here is a complete background of this lively toy dog breed.
The English Toy Terrier has been around since the 16th century, formerly referred to as the Miniature Black and Tan Terriers. This dog is a favourite breed in the 1800s for their hunting skills as ratters, at a time when rats were a real problem throughout England. Very soon, competitions arose in specially designed rat pits, a sport popular in the cities of Victorian England. In the rat pits, betting would take place on how fast the English Toy Terriers can kill their quota of rats. However, the sport was outlawed in 1898, upon the formation of The Kennel Club.
As the time passed, the dog breed moved effortlessly into the show ring. The dog show entries were divided by weight. The weight division continued until the 1920's until the breed was separated into two breeds, the large Manchester Terrier and the Miniature Black and Tan Terrier. The latter was renamed to English Toy Terrier in 1962.
The English Toy Terrier is a sleek and healthy dog breed that makes for an excellent companion dog. It weighs 6 to 8 pounds and stands 25 to 30 centimetres at the withers. It looks like a miniature Doberman because of its black and tan colouring and body shape. In fact, the only real difference is its size. The head is long and narrow with overemphasised cheek muscles (wedge-shaped) that are well-filled up under the ears, and a slight stop. It has a black nose and black almond-shaped yes. The sparkle in the English Toy Terrier’s eyes adds to its alert appearance. Its ears are shaped like a candle-flame, straight, long and curved, with lightly pointed tips and usually set high on the back of the head.
English Toy Terriers sport a thick and extremely glossy coat in its compact bodies, which means grooming is easy. All they need is a weekly brush to keep their coat neat and shiny. Despite their short coat, they shed throughout the year, more during spring and autumn, which requires a frequent brushing. Aside from grooming its coat, it is necessary to check on its ears on a regular basis to prevent infection or too much wax build-up. Oral care and nail trimming are equally important to make sure your English Toy Terrier is happy, healthy and comfortable.
This small dog breed is a loyal and loving companion who longs for the company of others. English Toy Terriers have the typical personality of a terrier: brave, lively and more than capable to hunt their share of rats or mice. They are inquisitive by nature and will follow their instincts to hunt especially when outside of the house.
They are wary of strangers and tend to bark at anyone approaching. But this can be lessened with obedience training and early socialisation. It is a lovable and sociable dog that is equally content in a city apartment or a farm as long as the owners are close in attendance and is given adequate physical and mental stimulation. Left alone for long periods, the English Toy Terrier may become bored and may develop bad habits.
English Toy Terriers are great with children, but as a small breed, they are quite fragile and are not well-suited for rough plays. This dog breed is not the best choice for families with younger kids that are not trained to handle small dogs. When it comes to other animals, it gets on well with other dogs but not with other smaller animals and pets. The hunting instinct of the English Toy Terrier will make them chase any small animals when an opportunity presents itself.
A typical serving for an adult English Toy Terrier 1/4 to 1/2 cups excellent quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. This diminutive dog breed may be small, but it will eat whatever you put in the bowl. Therefore, it is important to check with a veterinarian with regard to its specific feeding routine and nutritional requirements.
As a guide, a typical calorie needs of an adult English Toy Terrier per day:
As mentioned, English Toy Terriers are not picky eaters and will eat whatever is in front of them. This means they are prone to become overweight. Excess weight on such a small breed can be detrimental to its health and will make it susceptible to some diseases. Make sure you avoid "free-feeding" and always measure its intake.
When properly cared for, the average life expectancy of an English Toy Terrier can reach up to 15 years. For the most part, this dog breed is healthy and tough. Like any dog breed, however, it is susceptible to health problems such as Patellar Luxation, Canine Deafness, Legg-Calve-Perthes, skin problems, heat stress, and eye diseases such as Glaucoma, Lens Luxation and Cataracts.
Regular exercise and adequate mental stimulation are required for this highly energetic and intelligent little dog. The English Toy Terrier will need at least 30 to 60 minutes of daily exercise. They enjoy the outdoors and must be given enough time to roam and run around a back garden that is well-fenced and secure.
Dog ownership has considerable expense involved. If you plan to buy an English Toy Terrier puppy, not only do you have to shell out over £900 but you also have to be on a waitlist. Unfortunately, only a few puppies are bred each year.
Other than the initial purchase, you need also to consider getting a pet insurance. Pet insurance will cost anywhere from £20 to £40 a month, while regular veterinary consultations and basic procedures will set you back at least £800 a year, including vaccinations, boosters and cost for neutering when the time is right.
Food cost is another matter, to buy high-quality dog food you will have to spend around £20 to £30 a month. On average, owning an English Toy Terrier will cost about £50 to £80 a month, depending on the type of insurance.
Are you sure the English Toy Terrier is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
If you are not 100% convinced you want an English Toy Terrier, check out our Pet Finder to see which breed is suitable for you.
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