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The Eurasier originated from Germany that was developed from the Chow Chow, the Wolf Spitz and the Samoyed to create the ideal companion dog. It is a medium-size dog weighing 40 to 70 pounds and standing 48 to 61 centimetres at the withers. The distinctive feature inherited from its Chow Chow parentage is its blue-black tongue. Eurasiers are affectionate dogs and adequate watchdogs that do not hesitate to bark to alert its owners of strangers.
Are you curious about this dog breed with European and Asian heritage? Here is a brief background of the Eurasier.
Often referred to as a Eurasian, the Eurasier is a breed that originated from Germany. It is a product of the combined lineage of the Chow Chow and the Wolf Spitz (known as the "Wolf-Chow"). Its development is thanks to the breeders Julius Wipfel and Charlotte Baldamus from the 1960's in their desire to develop the ideal family companion dog that is calm and even-tempered that also commands respect. Twelve years later, Wipfel included the Samoyed in the mix to create the Eurasier breed seen today. In 1973, the breed was recognised by the German Kennel Club and the FCI and was then renamed to Eurasier after its European and Asian heritage.
The Eurasian is still a young breed and was only recognised as a pure breed by the United Kennel Club in 1996. Today, there are about 8,500 Eurasiers around the globe. However, just a limited number of the breed is in the UK.
As intended, the Eurasier inherited its parent breed's appearance. It is medium-sized Spitzen, with a height of 48 to 61 centimetres and a weight of 40 to 70 pounds. Its wedge-shaped head is characteristic of its spitz breed. It has a flat skull and a slightly defined stop. Its dark, almond-shaped eyes that slant with a nice black rim reflects its intelligence. It has a pricked ears, triangular-shaped, medium and are set nicely apart on its head. The Eurasier has a blue-black tongue that is a distinctive feature adopted from its Chow Chow parentage.
When it comes to its build, the Eurasier has a firm and compact body with a straight and level top line. Its withers and the rest of the body are firm and muscled. The breed standard dictates that this dog breed must come with a thick undercoat and a medium to long loosely lying guard hair all over the body. Its tail, back of the front legs and hind legs should be covered with long hair, while the coat in the neck area must always be slightly longer than the body, but should never form a mane. Eurasiers can sport coats in the accepted breed colours such as fawn, red, wolf-grey, sable, black and tan, and solid black.
Since the Eurasier sports a thick coat, just like any Spitz-type dogs, it is considered a high-maintenance dog breed. It is highly recommended to brush its coat daily to remove dead hair, matts and tangles. It doesn't help that Eurasiers shed throughout the year and more twice a year, during spring and autumn. In this case, frequent brushing is required more than the usual. It is also worth noting that Eurasiers are predisposed to eye disorders called Entropion, so make sure to include the eyes in your grooming regimen.
Regular checking and cleaning of ears and mouth are also important as neglect to both can lead to infections. Do remember, that grooming your dog is also an opportunity to check their health. Once you find anything that is not normal with your Eurasier, visit your veterinarian immediately.
The charming qualities the Eurasier exhibit can be credited to its parents, the Chow Chow, the Wolf-Spitz and the Samoyed. It is an affectionate breed that develops a strong bond with its families. It is gentle, neither timid nor aggressive. It is social with other dogs but wary around strangers. Since Eurasiers were bred as companion dogs, they don't do well with training through strangers or professional handlers, other than their families.
It's a family-pleaser, which means it is obedient and easy to train, which is why they are the best choice for first-time dog owners. However, it also needs its owners to spend as much time with them as possible. If your household is empty of human warmth for long periods throughout the day, then a Eurasier is not for you, else they suffer from separation anxiety.
When it comes to barking tendencies, the Eurasier is not much of a barker. It only barks when necessary and only to alert. Aside from its affectionate nature, this dog breed has the natural inclination to protect. It is vigilant, which also means it is a perfect watchdog. It is crucial that Eurasiers are socialised early, so they become well-rounded dogs. They are good around children, but their interaction with younger kids must be supervised. It is debatable whether the Eurasier holds any hunting instinct, but majority agrees that it gets along well with other pets if raised together.
A typical serving for an adult Eurasier is 2.5 to 3 cups of dry dog food per day, spread out in two meals. Proper nutrition is important for the dog to grow and thrive. However, finding the right diet takes a lot of research. Consult your veterinarian, breeder or dog trainer to determine the best recommended dog food for your Eurasier.
When it comes to calorie needs, below is a rough guide for an adult 50-pound Eurasier per day:
It is important to establish a strict feeding routine for your dog to know when it will be fed and how long they have to eat. No veterinarian will recommend free-feeding as this will only encourage the Eurasier to simply overeat, leading to obesity and digestive problems. Make sure to read food labels and look for an average protein base of at least 21%. Highly recommended diet is real meat, meat by-product (e.g. intestines, bone and blood), ground up meat or bone products and fish meat.
The Eurasier is considered a healthy dog breed with few health issues. If it is possible to escape these health issues, your dog can live up to its lifespan of 13 years. For preventive measures, however, it is crucial to recognise these hereditary diseases such as Distichiasis, Entropion, Ectropion, Hip Dysplasia, Luxating Patella, and Hypothyroidism. If you think your dog exhibits abnormal behaviour or is showing unusual signs and symptoms, immediately consult with your veterinarian.
Since Eurasiers are relatively calm indoors, it does not mean they do not enjoy the action outdoors. Like any other dogs, they should be allowed to walk, run, play, and chase. They need at least an hour of daily exercise.
Eurasier is a rare breed, and as it goes, you need to on a breeder's waiting list since only a few puppies are registered annually. On top of the waiting, its rarity also means you would have to pay no less than £1,000 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. The cost of getting a pet insurance is also considerably costly ranging from £20 to £40 a month. When it comes to making sure your Eurasier is healthy, veterinary consultations and basic procedures (vaccinations, boosters etc.) will likely set you back around £1,000 per year.
We should not forget about the food. Buying a high-quality dog food will cost you anywhere from £40 to £50 a month, excluding the treats. It is safe to say that you will have to spend an estimated £70 to £100 monthly to raise and care for a Eurasier.
Are you sure the Eurasier is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Are you ready to take home a Eurasier? If you're having doubts, you can try checking out our Pet Finder to find other breed options that match your needs.
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