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The French bulldog is an affectionate, spirited, and fun-loving dog breed known for its wrinkly face and bat-like ears. This dog breed was crossed between the terrier and the pug. Despite its gloomy look, the French bulldog is actually adorable, alert, and a comical companion dog.
This temperament makes the Frenchie one of the most family-friendly pet dogs. It sports a short coat that is easy to groom, which also means minimal shedding. The French bulldog’s average lifespan is eleven to fourteen years.
Are you thinking of owning a French bulldog? Here is a brief background of this comical bat-eared bulldog.
The French bulldog originated in England from early bulldogs that were used for bull-baiting. It was the toy-size version of the dogs that were later bred as companions after the sport was banned in 1835. When lace workers migrated to France, they brought with them their miniature bulldogs. The popularity of these dogs led to a trade where breeders in England sent over bulldogs considered faults like those that were too small or with erect ears.
The small type eventually became an official breed and was called Bouledogue Francais. As the breed further diverged away from its roots, it is said that the French bulldog was crossed with the terrier and the pug.
Four years after the French Bulldog Club of England was formed in 1902, the Kennel Club officially recognised the breed. It is now one of the most popular breeds in the UK and registrations continue to increase.
The Frenchie is a sturdy and compact dog with distinctive bat ears. This small dog weighs 20–28 pounds and stands 11–12 inches tall at the withers. Its neck is powerful and thick.
The Frenchie has a square head with a slightly flat skull between the ears and short snout. Because it’s brachycephalic, the French bulldog can’t naturally swim.
The French bulldog has a short, smooth, and shiny coat that doesn’t shed much. Its skin is loose, soft, and wrinkled, especially at the head and shoulders.
The colours accepted by the Kennel Club are brindle, fawn, and pied. Whites are classified with pieds during shows. Any whites should be clear with no spots.
Grooming is quite easy since a Frenchie’s coat only needs occasional brushing. Bathing can also be done once a month or as needed. Make sure to regularly wipe its face to keep its wrinkles and mouth clean as it has a tendency to drool.
Oral hygiene is also important. Make sure to brush the teeth regularly to prevent halitosis or bad breath. Regular brushing will also help reduce plaque and the possibility of gum disease.
Monthly nail clipping is also part of grooming a Frenchie. If the dog is sensitive to clipping, you might need to bring it to the vet.
The French bulldog is an adorable, alert, loving, and comical companion. It prefers to be always by its owner’s side, whether playing or lazing around. Since a Frenchie requires close human contact, it tends to have separation anxiety when left alone for long periods.
Because it is an easy-going pooch that rarely barks, it does really well in apartments. It gets along with children especially if they are raised together. Although the breed is friendly by nature, some can get territorial and would bicker with other dogs. Like most bulldogs, the Frenchie is accompanied by snorting, snuffling, and flatulence.
The French bulldog is smart and could retain information really well. However, there are times it chooses to follow its free-thinking and stubborn nature. Training can be easier when it is done in the form of games and paired with a lot of food and praises. It definitely loves to be the centre of attention and please its owners.
Several factors affect the behaviour of dogs. What comes into play is the nature versus nurture debate, which is also applicable to dogs. All dog breeds have their common traits and predispositions attributed to their genes and ancestry. However, a dog’s personal experiences such as early socialisation and training are also considerable influences in shaping a dog’s personality and behaviour.
A typical serving for an adult Frenchie is 1–1.5 cups of excellent-quality dry dog food per day. The amount of food and feeding frequency depends on various factors like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Always do your research about the breed and ask for tips regarding nutrition from a trusted veterinarian.
Typical calorie needs of an adult French bulldog per day:
Provide your French bulldog with food rich in high-quality meat. Although some can be hyperactive, the Frenchie doesn’t necessarily need much protein as other active breeds. About 25 per cent of its overall diet coming from animal meat (lamb, beef, and bison) will suffice. Check if your dog can tolerate chicken.
This breed is prone to skin allergies and gas, so make sure that carbs come from complex plant sources. Low-quality fillers like soy and corn not only cause allergies but aggravate farting. Omega fatty acids are important to maintain a healthy coat.
The French bulldog is generally healthy, but predisposed to certain health issues. These include hip dysplasia, brachycephalic syndrome, patellar luxation, hemivertebrae, intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), and von Willebrand disease. It is also inclined to have food allergies, cleft palate, and elongated soft palate.
This breed does not require lots of exercises. Since the Frenchie cannot regulate its temperature effectively, its exercise regimen should only be composed of thirty-minute walks in cool weather. It is important to monitor it during warm days and provide it with fresh clean water to avoid heatstroke.
If you are set on owning a French Bulldog, be ready to spend £1000 up to £1300 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. It can cost more if purchased from a reputable French bulldog breeder. Part of ownership is caring for it when it suddenly falls ill or gets into an accident. To offset some bills, you will need to pay for a pet insurance, which can cost from £60 a month for a basic time-limited cover up to £160 a month for a lifetime one. The prices can vary depending on your dog’s health and age, your location, and the level of cover you opt for.
Feeding your dog high quality food can set you back another £20-£30 a month. You would also need to factor in the initial cost of buying basic dog accessories and equipment such as bed, bowls, lead, collar, and toys. These can amount to £150-£200 depending on the brand and quality. Grooming can be another expense if you choose to use the services of professional groomers, which is within the region of £30-£40.
Other outgoings to consider are veterinary expenses that may not be included in a pet insurance coverage such as vaccinations, routine checks, neutering or spaying, and annual boosters, which can have a combined cost of £800-£1000 annually. On average, the monthly cost for raising a French Bulldog is £100-£150. This is exclusive of the type of pet insurance policy and other expenses such as dog walking service or dog day care.
Are you sure the French Bulldog is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Want to find out if the Frenchie is your perfect breed match? Take the Pet Finder quiz to get your answer.
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