The Japanese Spitz is a little white ball of fur that weighs 11 to 20 pounds and stands 30 to 38 centimetres at the withers. It has a medium-sized head, which is wedge-shaped when viewed from above, as well as a slightly domed skull. It has dark oval-shaped eyes, round black nose, triangular ears, a well-defined stop, nicely proportioned muzzles, and a strong jaw with a perfect scissor bite.
The Japanese Spitz sports a thick double coat that protects it from harsh weather conditions. It has a straight outer coat that stands off its body, and a short yet profuse, dense and soft undercoat. The only accepted colour according to KC standards is pure white. Hair is short on the face, ears, front of its fore and hind legs, as well as below its hocks. The rest of the body is covered with longer hair with mane on its neck and shoulders. Its well-plumbed tail is profusely covered with long hair.
Because of its thick and long coat, the Japanese Spitz has demanding grooming needs. It can benefit from numerous visits to the groomer’s in a year to keep its coat tidy and manageable at home. While some owners take care of their Japanese Spitz’s coat on their own, it can be tedious and time consuming. In fact, a weekly grooming programme is needed, which involves more brushing in the spring and autumn when the breed sheds more.
To complete its grooming routine, attention must be given to other parts of the body like its ears to ensure that there is no wax build-up. Nails should also be trimmed regularly to prevent uncomfortable overgrowth or cracking. Lastly, brush its teeth regularly to lessen the odds of tooth and gum disease, which is common to small breeds.