The Jug is a hybrid dog developed from two pedigree breeds: the Jack Russell Terrier and the Pug. It is believed to have been bred in the 1960s in America. Like most crossbreeds, it can have varying appearance, typically weighing 7 to 11 pounds and stand 25 to 36 centimetres at the withers. Like its parent breeds, it has a short coat that is easy to groom. It is energetic and intelligent but since it is not as hyper as pure Jack Russells, it will do fine with 30 minutes’ worth of exercise.
Are you willing to welcome a Jug to your home? Learn about this mixed breed through this brief background.
The Jug is relatively a new breed, adding to the growing list of hybrid dogs. While its parent breeds theJack Russell Terrier and the Pug have been around since the 19th century and 400 BC, respectively, the Pug is believed to have been first bred in the USA in the 1960s. It is known in different names such as the Jack Pug and Pug Russell.
Although the Jug has not gained a full-fledge pedigree status, it has captured the hearts of families all over the world because of its charismatic nature. It is worth mentioning that it is more ideal for families with older children. Enthusiasts established breed clubs in many countries to monitor Jug breeding practices and minimise hereditary and congenital health problems.
Appearance and Grooming
Like most crossbreeds, Jugs have varying looks because no breed standards have been set. In fact, puppies in the same litter will come in different sizes, colours and overall appearance. It can weigh between 7 and 11 pounds and stand 25 to 36 centimetres. Some can inherit the flat face of the Pug, others will have the longer face of the Jack Russell Terrier, while the rest can have a combination of the two parent breeds.
Since both breeds are small, with the Jack Russell being only slightly bigger than the Pug, you won’t be getting an alarmingly large Jug. Some will have a wrinkly face and others won’t but one thing is common: when the Jug is alert or curious, it usually has an endearing furrow or frown. It can also have a straight or a curly tail.
Jugs have short coats that differ in texture and colour. Some can have smooth, rough/broken coats. The usual colours are black, black and tan, white, brown, caramel, and silver. Both textures are low maintenance grooming-wise. All the breed needs is regular brushing once or twice a week to remove dead hair and keep it tidy and healthy. It sheds continuously throughout the year and quite heavily during the spring and autumn so brushing should be more frequent. Bathing also can be done as needed. Since this dog is prone to weepy eyes, wipe them with a damp cloth to avoid soreness. To ensure the overall physical health of your Jug, other grooming basics include nail trimming, ear cleaning and tooth brushing.
Temperament and Intelligence
Jugs typically inherit the social and active characteristics of both its parent breeds. They are generally alert, loyal and high-spirited. However, they have a tendency to be rather feisty and show dominance. This is the reason why early training is important to set ground rules and establish the owner’s alpha role. They form strong bonds with their owners and as courageous dogs, they will protect their owners when needed. They may be small in stature but they definitely won’t back down, making them great watchdogs and guard dogs.
The Jug is an intelligent dog that easily learns new things but its stubborn nature only makes it moderately easy to train. Boundaries must be set from the get-go so it will become obedient. Owners need to be firm and consistent because it will test limits when it feels like it even in a fun-loving manner. Enough exercise will also make it more docile. It can be a good apartment dog as long as there is access to a fenced yard.
When well socialised, the Jug gets on with everyone including kids but this breed is more suitable for families with older children because it tends to be boisterous. This being said, adults should always supervise all interactions to avoid untoward incidents. It gets along with other pets it grew up with but tends to be aggressive with other dogs of the same gender.
Nutrition and Feeding
A typical serving for an adult Jug is 1/2 to 1 cup of excellent quality dry dog food per day. Since the amount of food depends on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism, ask a veterinarian for advice regarding the amount and frequency. This breed is prone to obesity so measure its food and limit snacks.
Typical calorie needs of adult Jugs per day:
- Senior and less active: up to 420 calories daily
- Typical adults: up to 480 calories daily
- Physically active/working dogs: up to 530 calories daily
Small dogs are usually prone to tooth disease so it is best to provide them with highly digestible, small kibbles that promote chewing. It should contain high quality animal meat (chicken, lamb, beef or turkey) paired with complex carbs. Omega fatty acids for coat health are also essential. Since it is prone to skin allergies, some owners choose to go grain-free.
Health and Exercise
The Jug is known to have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. Like other breeds, it can suffer from a lot of hereditary health problems. While it does not mean your Jug will develop one or all of these issues, they are worth knowing. They can have skin disorders, allergies, eye issues, obesity, breathing problems, Cardiomyopathy, Hydrocephaly, Cryptochidism, Von Willebrand’s Disease, Canine Spinocerebella Ataxia, Hernia, and Late Onset Ataxia Hemivertebrae.
Jugs are high-energy and intelligent dogs so they need to be given the right amount of physical and mental stimulation daily. However, it is worth noting that it is not as hyper as a Jack Russell so it only needs a minimum of 30 minutes per day. A Jug with a short muzzle can have difficulty in breathing so you have to be careful during hotter and colder weathers. Exercise time should either be early in the morning and before evening. It will enjoy short walks, playing games and being able to roam around in a fenced back garden.
Cost of Ownership
If you want to purchase a well-bred Jug pedigree puppy, prepare to pay £300-£500. Other than the initial purchase, you also need to consider getting a pet insurance, which can cost anywhere from £20 a month for a basic cover up to £40 a month for a lifetime cover.
Food cost is another matter since you need to ensure that your dog stays healthy and well-fed at whatever age. To buy high-quality dog food, you will have to spend around £20–£30 a month. You also need to factor in the initial cost for dog accessories and equipment such as bowls, leads, collars, and beds, which will likely be about £200 depending on the brand.
Other outgoings to consider are veterinary expenses that may not be included in a pet insurance coverage such as vaccinations, routine checks, neutering or spaying, and annual boosters, which can have a combined cost of £800 annually. On average, caring for a Jug will cost about £50–£80 a month, depending on the type of insurance. This is exclusive of walking or grooming services that you might want to use at times.
Are you sure the Jug is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.
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