The Mexican Hairless is an interesting dog with a distinct appearance, highlighted by its tufts on the head, feet and tail and absence of hair on its athletic yet sturdy body. This medium dog weighs 24 to 60 pounds and stands 40 to 60 centimetres. It has a broad and wedge-shaped head, a very slight stop, nicely developed cheeks, straight muzzles, erect ears that are obliquely set, and a nose that matches the colour of its coat. It has moderately large almond-shaped eyes that also match the colour of its coat. Its eyes give off an intelligent and alert expression. It has a strong jaw with a perfect scissor bite but some dogs do have a level bite.
Interestingly, Xoloitzcuintls come in two varieties: hairless and coated. The hairless variety has a smooth and sensitive skin that feels warm to the touch. The skin on its neck is firm, elastic and close fitting that does not have a dewlap. It has coarse tufts of hair on its forehead, face, back of its neck, tips of its tail, and feet. The coated variety has a single coat that is short, flat and close fitting, with very little hair on the belly and inside its rear legs. According to KC standards, the accepted colours for both varieties are black, blonde, bronze, grey, liver, and red. They may also have spots on the bodies, including white spots and markings.
With limited amount of hair, plus its cat-like cleaning habits, the Mexican Hairless is generally clean and easy to groom. However, it is important to keep an eye on its sensitive skin and know when best to clean it. There must be a balance since dirt and oil can cause acne while too much washing can cause it to dry the skin out. Care must also be given to its paw pads so the sebaceous glands are unclogged. It will roughly need a bath every two weeks. Apply sunscreen to avoid sunburn but immediately wipe it out after sun exposure.
The Xolo’s nails grow quickly so trimming must be done once a week. It is also important to brush its teeth once or twice a week. Regularly check its ears avoid wax build-up and its skin for sores or fleas.