The Pekingese has a moderately long, pear-shaped figure with massive forelegs and light hind legs. True to its origins, it moves with a dignified gait much like a rolling trot. The Pekingese weighs from 7 to 14 pounds and stands about 15 to 23 centimetres at the withers, although some can be smaller. The distinct characteristic of this toy dog breed is its flat face and large eyes. Its body is stocky, despite its small size, and low to the ground.
Pekingese dogs wear their top coat thick and undercoat coarse, long and straight, almost pulled away from the body and forming tresses around the shoulders. Accepted colours consist of a wide array of combinations such as gold, red, sable, cream, black, white, black and tan, and blue, or slate grey. The muzzle, nose, eye rims and lips must always be black regardless of its coat colour.
Dog grooming includes daily brushing of its thick coat and an occasional visit to the groomers every 8 to 12 weeks, as such the Pekingese is a high maintenance dog breed. New owners must pay close attention to its eyes and the creases on its face, which may develop hot spots. Also, since it has a copious amount of fur, it is crucial to that Pekingese is always kept in a cool environment since they are prone to heat stroke. Included in the grooming process are cleaning its ears, brushing its teeth and trimming the nails. All these efforts are to make sure the Pekingese remain clean and healthy.