• Pomeranians
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  • Pomeranian in Great Britain
  • Pomeranians in the UK
  • Pomeranian

Toy Group

Exercise Level:
Barking Level:
Good with Children:
Good with other pets:
Height: 18 - 30cm M | 18 - 30cm F
Weight: 1 - 3kg M | 1 - 3kg F
Life Expectancy: 12 - 16 Years

Considering getting a Pomeranian?

Pomeranians are foxy-faced dogs that are playful and friendly. They are small but do not back down from a fight when provoked. Although they are a fierce and competitive breed, they are also sweet companion dogs and great around children. Grooming requires more time and effort to prevent matting and tangles. Poms are active dog breeds that require moderate exercises and will love playtime with their humans. Owning this small pooch costs £21,200 - £25,000 over its 12 – 15 years lifespan.

Are you thinking of getting a Pomeranian? Here is a brief background of this tiny foxy-faced pooch that originated from large Spitz-type dogs.

book icon History

The Pomeranian originated and got its name from the province of Pomerania, a region between Germany and Poland. Although the exact breeds that made up the Pom are unknown, it is believed to have come from large Spitz types. Some of its ancestors are the German Spitz, Norwegian Elkhound, and American Eskimo Dog. Early Pomeranians were large dogs, some weighing up to 30 pounds.

Pomeranians quickly rose to popularity in royal circles and renowned personalities like Martin Luther, Michelangelo, Isaac Newton, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It only got the attention of the general public through the efforts of Queen Victoria in the 1880s. After falling in love with a 12-pound Pom named Marco, she established a kennel that bred small Pomeranians. This inspired breeders to reduce the size even more, which made the Pom a well-loved toy dog.

The Pomeranian breed club was established in 1891 in England, followed by the creation of the first breed standard. It remains to be one of the most popular breeds in the world.

comb icon Appearance and Grooming

The Pomeranian is the smallest of the Spitz-type dogs that exudes intelligence and vivaciousness. This foxy-faced dog weighs 3 to 7 pounds, and stands 13 to 28 centimetres at the withers. Its head and nose have a foxy outline with a slightly flat skull and small erect ears. Its eyes are dark and almond-shaped, and its nose can be dark or take the same colour of their coat.

The Pom is renowned for its thick double coat comprised of a long, straight and harsh outer coat with soft and fluffy undercoat. Hair is thicker around the neck, shoulders and chest with feathering around the forequarters, thighs and hind legs. According to the Kennel Club, all colours are permissible but there should be no black or white shadings. Common colours include black, white, brown, and blue. Merle is considered a fault.

Keeping a Pomeranian’s coat in top shape requires time and effort. Since it is long and fine, brushing a few times daily is important to prevent matting and tangles, and keep shedding at bay. Certain areas need to be regularly trimmed like the face, ears, backside, and feet. Bathing should be done at least once or twice a month especially when they spend time outdoors. Taking them to a professional groomer four to five times a year basically keeps its coat tidy and manageable.

The Pomeranian’s coat may take up most of your time, but other grooming needs must also be met. Dental hygiene for one is a super important part of dog care since Pomeranians are prone to dental problems. Make sure to brush the teeth at least twice or three times a week. Don’t forget to trim nails and inspect other areas for tick, fleas, redness and other signs of inflammation. Careful grooming and weekly exam will help in the early detection of potential health problems.

bulb icon Temperament and Intelligence

Pomeranians are often described as an intelligent and animated extrovert. Along its small stature comes a big personality. It loves being around people especially family. It usually develops a strong bond with one person and can become overly protective or jealous. It generally gets along with other animals but will fight back against other dogs, even large ones, when provoked. It is ideal for families with older children who know how to handle small and sometimes snappy dogs. It is not for a busy family that is often out of the house as also develops separation anxiety. It tends to be noisy and distractive when left alone.

It may be cute but the Pom is not for timid, first-time owners who tolerate its stubborn ways. It is a quick learner but can be very willful. Training at a young age can correct this behaviour especially when your alpha role is immediately established. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to housetrain so patience and consistency are key. While it can be a watchdog because it is suspicious of strangers, it has a tendency to bark excessively. Training should focus on socialisation, and basic dog manners and behaviour. Since they love attention, praises and treats are helpful.

When owning a dog breed, always remember that regardless if they have pre-dispositions, each of them is unique. There are a lot of contributing factors that facilitate its personality development. These include genetics, environment, and exposure to different people and other experiences when they’re young.

food icon Nutrition and Feeding

A typical serving for an adult Pomeranian is 1/4 to 1/2 cup of excellent quality dry dog food per day. Remember that the amount of food and the timing depend on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Always do your research and ask your trusted vet on the best diet for your Pomeranian.

Typical calorie needs of adult Pomeranians per day:

  • Senior and less active: up to 270 calories daily
  • Typical adults: up to 300 calories daily
  • Physically active/working dogs: up to 450 calories daily

Pomeranians thrive on diets rich in protein, at least 85% from animal sources and 15% vegetables and fruits. Because they are prone to skin allergies, it is better to go grain-free. Choose high quality dog food with tiny kibbles made especially for small dogs for easy chewing and digestion. For a healthy coat, ensure they get enough Omega fatty acids from fish. For their joints, include supplements and food containing glucosamine and chondroitin.

stethoscope icon Health and Exercise

Pomeranians are generally healthy but predisposed to certain medical conditions including eye and dental problems. They can also get allergies, Epilepsy, Patellar Luxation, Legg-Perthes Disease, and Collapsed Trachea.

This small pooch is active indoors so it only requires moderate exercise like a short walk or play time daily. They enjoy challenging toys and doing new things so mentally stimulating activities will be great. If you have a fenced yard, they can be taught agility, tracking and flyball drills. Supervise exercise time, which should be done early in the morning or late afternoon as this breed is prone to heat stroke.

pound icon Cost of Ownership

Let’s face it, owning a dog is much like having a kid, you have to spend money raising it. In raising a Pomeranian dog, one will likely have to spend an estimated £21,200 - £25,000 over its 12 – 15 years lifespan. However, this estimate does not include veterinary costs when Poms get sick, so expect to spend a bit more.

Pomeranians may cost little to feed, but there are other things to consider such as neutering, booster vaccination, pet insurance, professional grooming, flea treatments and dog accessories (e.g. leash, collar, bed, chew toys).

Is a Pomeranian Right for You?

  • Pomeranians are suspicious dogs so they tend to bark excessively.
  • Be prepared to vacuum often due to moderate shedding.
  • They do not require a lot of exercise so they’re ideal for new dog owners.
  • Poms are small so they fit well in an apartment without a fenced yard.
  • This dog breed is obedient and listens well to instructions.
  • It is suitable with kids and is known to be playful and energetic.

Are you sure the Pomeranian is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.

Dog Breed Selector Quiz

Not sure you want to get a Pom? Take our Pet Finder to find breeds more suitable to your personality and lifestyle.

The information, including measurements, prices and other estimates, on this page is provided for general reference purposes only.

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