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The Pomeranian is a foxy-faced dog that is playful and friendly. It is small, but does not back down from a fight when provoked. Although it is a fierce and competitive breed, it is also a sweet companion dog and great around children. Grooming requires more time and effort to prevent matting and tangles. The Pom is an active dog breed that requires moderate exercises and will love playtime with its humans. Owning this small pooch costs £21,200–£25,000 over its 12- to 15-year lifespan.
Are you thinking of getting a Pomeranian? Here is a brief background of this tiny foxy-faced pooch that originated from large spitz-type dogs.
The Pomeranian originated and got its name from the province of Pomerania, a region between Germany and Poland. Although the exact breeds that made up the Pom are unknown, it is believed to have come from large spitz types. Some of its ancestors are the German spitz, Norwegian elkhound, and American Eskimo dog. Early Pomeranians were large dogs, some weighing up to thirty pounds.
The Pomeranian quickly rose to popularity in royal circles and was beloved by renowned personalities like Martin Luther, Michelangelo, Isaac Newton, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It only got the attention of the general public through the efforts of Queen Victoria in the 1880s. After falling in love with a twelve-pound Pom named Marco, she established a kennel that bred small Pomeranians. This inspired breeders to reduce the size even more, which made the Pom a well-loved toy dog.
The Pomeranian Breed Club was established in 1891 in England, followed by the creation of the first breed standard. It remains to be one of the most popular breeds in the world. The Pomeranian is recognised by the Kennel Club in the UK.
The Pomeranian is the smallest of the spitz-type dogs that exudes intelligence and vivaciousness. This foxy-faced dog weighs 3–7 pounds and stands 13–28 centimetres at the withers. Its head and nose have a foxy outline with a slightly flat skull and small erect ears. Its eyes are dark and almond-shaped, and its nose can be dark or take the same colour of its coat.
The Pom is renowned for its thick double coat comprised of a long, straight, and harsh outer coat with soft and fluffy undercoat. Its hair is thicker around the neck, shoulders, and chest with feathering around the forequarters, thighs, and hind legs. According to the Kennel Club, all colours are permissible, but there should be no black or white shadings. Common colours include black, white, brown, and blue. Merle is considered a fault.
Keeping a Pomeranian’s coat in top shape requires time and effort. Since it is long and fine, brushing a few times daily is important to prevent matting and tangles, and keep shedding at bay. Certain areas need to be regularly trimmed like the face, ears, backside, and feet. Bathing should be done at least once or twice a month especially when it spends time outdoors. Taking it to a professional groomer four to five times a year basically keeps its coat tidy and manageable.
The Pomeranian’s coat may take up most of your time, but other grooming needs must also be met. Dental hygiene for one is a super important part of dog care since the Pomeranian is prone to dental problems. Make sure to brush its teeth at least twice or three times a week. Don’t forget to trim the nails and inspect other areas for tick, fleas, redness, and other signs of inflammation. Careful grooming and weekly exam will help in the early detection of potential health problems.
The Pomeranian is often described as an intelligent and animated extrovert. Along its small stature comes a big personality. It loves being around people, especially family. It usually develops a strong bond with one person and can become overly protective or jealous. It generally gets along with other animals, but will fight back against other dogs, even large ones, when provoked. It is ideal for families with older children who know how to handle small and sometimes snappy dogs. It is not for a busy family that is often out of the house as it can develop separation anxiety. It tends to be noisy and destructive when left alone.
It may be cute, but the Pom is not for timid first-time owners who tolerate its stubborn ways. It is a quick learner, but can be very wilful. Training at a young age can correct this behaviour, especially when your alpha role is immediately established. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house-train, so patience and consistency are key. Whilst it can be a watchdog because it is suspicious of strangers, it has a tendency to bark excessively. Training should focus on socialisation and basic dog manners and behaviour. Since it loves attention, praises and treats are helpful.
When owning a dog, always remember that regardless if they have predispositions, each of them is unique. There are a lot of contributing factors that facilitate its personality development. These include genetics, environment, and exposure to different people and other experiences when they’re young.
A typical serving for an adult Pomeranian is a quarter to a half cup of excellent-quality dry dog food per day. Remember that the amount of food and the timing depend on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Always do your research and ask your trusted vet on the best diet for your Pomeranian.
The following is the typical calorie needs of an adult Pomeranian per day:
The Pomeranian thrives on diets rich in protein, at least 85 per cent from animal sources and 15 per cent vegetables and fruits. Because it is prone to skin allergies, it is better to go grain-free. Choose high-quality dog food with tiny kibbles made especially for small dogs for easy chewing and digestion. For a healthy coat, ensure that it gets enough omega fatty acids from fish. For the joints, include supplements and food containing glucosamine and chondroitin.
The Pomeranian is generally healthy but predisposed to certain medical conditions, including eye and dental problems. It can also get allergies, epilepsy, patellar luxation, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and collapsed trachea.
This small pooch is active indoors, so it only requires moderate exercise like a short walk or playtime daily. It enjoys challenging toys and doing new things, so mentally stimulating activities will be great. If you have a fenced yard, it can be taught agility, tracking, and flyball drills. Supervise exercise time, which should be done early in the morning or late afternoon as this breed is prone to heatstroke.
If you are considering keeping a Pomeranian, be ready to pay £700-£2500 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. To ensure that it grows healthy, you would need to feed it high quality dog food, which can cost from £20-£30 a month. You would also need to buy it treats and accessories such as food bowls, leads, collars, and bed. The initial combined cost for these things can set you back £200 depending on the brands you opt for.
Aside from the initial purchase, pet insurance is another cost that you will have to shoulder monthly, ranging from £20 for a basic cover up to £47 for a lifetime cover. These prices vary depending on your dog’s health, age, size, weight, and where you live in the UK.
You may also need to set aside £800 a year for veterinary consultations and other necessary procedures such as vaccinations, boosters, neutering/spaying as these are not always covered by pet insurance. To give you a rough idea on how much you will likely spend month on month, it would be within the range of £55 and £80. This is exclusive of walking or grooming services that you might want to use at times.
Are you sure the Pomeranian is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
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