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The Pug is one of the most popular and easily identifiable toy breeds worldwide. Originating in China, it got its name from a Marmoset pug monkey because it had the same facial expression. Its short double coat is easy to care for. This breed will surely put a smile on your face because of its comical and affectionate personality. However, it can be strong-willed and difficult to housetrain. It is predisposed to eye injuries because of its short snout and protruding skeletal brow ridges. It is also prone to obesity so make sure it gets at least 30-minute walks daily.
Are you interested in getting a Pug? Here is a brief background of this wrinkly and short-muzzled dog.
Pugs are believed to have originated in China as companions of emperors dating back to 206 BC to 200 AD. They lived luxurious lives and were guarded by soldiers. During the 1500s, the first Pugs arrived in Europe through Dutch traders. The breed once again became favorites of royal households and was always included in portraits, postcards and paintings of popular people. Notable individuals who owned Pugs were William of Orange, Napoleon Bonaparte, Queen Victoria, and William Hogarth.
Originally called Lo Chiang-Sze in China, the Pug had various names as it travelled to different parts of the world. It was called Mopshond in Holland, Doguillo in Spain, Mops in Germany, and Carlin in France. Finally, in the 1700s, the breed got its final name when its facial expression was compared to a Marmoset pug monkey.
The Pug is arguably one of the most easily recognisable dog breeds in the world. Its iconic wrinkly face, flat muzzle, velvety ears, and stocky body would be hard to miss. It also has a characteristic undershot jaw and a tightly curled tail. It weighs 14 to 18 pounds and stands 25 to 35 centimetres at the withers. The breed comes in silver, fawn, apricot, and black.
Pugs have a short, fine and smooth double-coat. They are generally low maintenance so a monthly bath is enough. However, they are a heavy shedder so daily brushing with a soft-bristle comb or hound glove is needed to keep it to a minimum. Make sure you keep their facial wrinkles clean and dry to avoid infection and foul smell.
It is also important to check for ticks and fleas, regularly clean ears, and trim nails. Oral hygiene is often overlooked by dog owners. Ensure that its teeth are brushed two or three times a week and it is given chew bones or toys to remove tartar and build strong teeth.
Pugs are comical, affectionate, loyal, and mischievous. They crave affection and love being the centre of attention and would get depressed when ignored. As laidback dogs who barely bark and enjoy lazing around the house, they are perfect for apartment living. They are also gentle and patient so they are suitable for families with children and older owners. They often mirror their owners’ moods so if you decide to be playful and active, they are game for it.
These silly dogs are intelligent but they can be strong-willed. They were bred as companions so they won’t be interested in hunting or retrieving. They can also be difficult to house train. Since Pugs are owner-pleaser and food-driven dogs, praises and food rewards should be a part of your trainings.
Breeds do have common pre-disposition in terms of personality and intelligence. Nonetheless, a lot of factors contribute to its development, including the environments where it was born and the home it grows up in.
A typical serving for an adult Pug is 1/2 to 1 cup of excellent quality dry dog food per day. The amount of food and feeding frequency depend on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Before buying a dog, make sure you do your homework on the nutritional requirements of the breed. However, you will be able to tailor its eating routine based on its individual needs.
Typical calorie needs of adult Pug per day:
Pugs are generally lounging dogs that tend to gain weight quickly. Stick to a schedule, minimise treats and avoid giving table scraps to prevent overfeeding. Its overall diet should be rich in protein (fish, lamb, bison), moderate fat and regulated complex carbohydrates for energy. Like most flat-nosed breeds, they are prone to skin allergies. The most common allergens are chicken, beef, and cheap fillers like corn, wheat and soy. Small dry kibbles are recommended to promote chewing and help strengthen teeth.
The average lifespan of Pugs is 12 to 15 years. They are generally healthy but can be predisposed to certain health conditions. Due to their short snouts and protruding skeletal brow ridges, they are prone to eye injuries like Proptosis and Entropion. They are also prone to have Dog Encephalitis, Epilepsy, Nerve Degeneration, Corneal Ulcers, Hemi-vertebrae, Hip Dysplasia, and Legg-Perthes Disease. Some Pugs also develop skin problems such as Cheyletiella Dermatitis, Staph Infection, Yeast Infection, and Demodectic Mange.
Pugs are playful but are more sedentary so daily exercise is needed to avoid becoming obese. A 30-minute walk daily is enough since they have compact breathing passageways and could not regulate their temperature efficiently. Remember that Pugs should not spend too much time outside especially if it is hot as they overheat easily.
Owning a pet is costly, regardless of what breed it is. However, yearly expenses tend to be lower for smaller dogs because food and equipment cost less. Expect to shell out £420 for your Pug’s high quality food and £120 for treats and toys. Of course, you also need to spend for your dog’s basic necessities like bowls, bed, leash, crate, shampoo, toothbrush, and other accessories.
Pet insurance will be between £300 and £500 depending on the coverage plan you choose. For annual vaccinations and flea/worm treatments at the vet’s, allocate at least £150. Remember that this rough estimate does not include major veterinary treatments your insurance does not cover. Receive free veterinary advice here>
Are you sure the Pug is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.Dog Breed Selector Quiz
Still having doubts in getting a Pug? Try our Pet Finder to help you decide which breed is best for you.
22nd Feb 2019
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“What could be better than sharing a coffee and pupuccino or a cocktail and a pawtini, with your furry best friend and meeting lots of new friends?” says Anushka Fernando, Pug Café owner and Dachshund Café organiser.
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