Dogs | Dog Breeds | Rottweiler
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Working Group

Exercise Level:
Barking Level:
Good with Children:
Good with other pets:
Average Height: 61 - 69cm | 56 - 63cm
Average Weight: 43 - 59kg | 38 - 52kg
Average Life Expectancy: 8 - 11 Years

Looking for a Rottweiler?

The Rottweiler is believed to have descended from Roman cattle dogs taken to Southern Germany. As a large breed that tends to be stubborn and intimidating, it is not for first-time dog owners and families with babies or toddlers. It is loving towards its family and takes its time to warm up to strangers, making it an excellent guard dog. Grooming-wise, it has a fuss-free coat only needs weekly brushing. Plenty of exercise is needed for this active, huge dog.

Are you interested in owning a Rottweiler? Here is a brief background of this large, assertive dog.

book icon History

The earliest Rottweilers were believed to have come from Roman cattle dogs brought to Southern Germany. They were called Rottweiler Metzgerhund, which means Rottweil butchers’ dogs. The breed was brought to the UK in 1936 by Phil Thelma Gray. During the Second World War, the dogs were sent to Ireland for safekeeping but totally disappeared.

The first post-war Rottweilers were imported to England in 1953 by Captain Roy Smith of the Royal Veterinary Corps. It was registered as a breed by The Kennel Club in 1965.

comb icon Appearance and Grooming

The Rottweiler weighs 85-130 pounds and stands 55 to 68 centimetres at the withers. This huge, vigorous and powerful dog exudes boldness and valour. It has a medium-length head and a broad skull between pendant ears. It has a roomy and broad chest.

According to KC standards, the breed should come in black with clearly defined tan markings. There is usually a spot on each eye and on the cheeks, and/or a strip around each side of the muzzle. White markings are considered undesirable. Its double coat is short, straight and coarse, while its outer coat is medium in length. Since it has an easy-to-maintain coat, it only needs weekly brushing. Bathing can be done monthly or when it has that doggy smell.

Aside from caring for your dog’s coat, make sure to its nails are trimmed, clean ears and skin tick- and flea-free. Never overlook your dog’s dental health as tooth decay and gum disease can cause various serious illnesses. Start brushing its teeth as a puppy so it gets used to this process and provide it with appropriate chew bones/toys.

bulb icon Temperament and Intelligence

The Rottweiler, which belongs to the working dog group, is calm, assertive and courageous. It can be aloof towards strangers but should never be aggressive. It takes its time before warming up to guests. It is affectionate and loving towards its family and has this innate desire to protect them and their home. It generally loves children especially if they grow up together. However, since it is a huge dog, every interaction should be supervised as it can accidentally trample a small child. This breed is best suited for families with older children who understand how to properly interact with dogs.

Rotties are intelligent, adaptable and hardworking. Males are more quiet and vigilant, while females are more manageable and warm. These dogs are not for first-time owners with weak personalities as they can be stubborn and intimidating. It is important to establish your alpha role early to easily discipline this breed. Realistically, this dog is quite challenging as time, patience and assertiveness are needed to train it appropriately. When leadership is established, trainings will be easier, which should focus on mental stimulation.

Breeds may have certain predisposed temperament and intelligence but remember that each dog is unique. Environmental factors also play a role in shaping a dog’s overall characteristics.

food icon Nutrition and Feeding

A typical serving for this large dog is 4 to 10 cups of excellent quality dry dog food per day, depending on its age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism.

Typical calorie needs of an adult Rottweiler, weighing 110 pounds, per day:

  • Senior and less active: up to 2,000 calories daily
  • Typical adults: up to 2,200 calories daily
  • Physically active/working dogs: up to 2,700 calories daily

As an active large dog, a Rottweiler needs a lot of protein, which should be around 25% of their overall diet. Protein develops muscles and prevents Rotts from becoming overweight as it is secreted through the kidneys and not stored as fat. Choose a high quality brand that lists animal protein (beef, bison, chicken, or turkey) as its number 1 ingredient. Wheat, corn and other glutens should be avoided altogether as they are prolific skin and digestive allergens for this breed. Carb sources should be from vegetables like sweet potato and carrots.

Since this breed is prone to Hip and Elbow Dysplasias, puppies should be fed a diet high in glucosamine and chondroitin that protect the joints. Omega fatty acids from fish would help maintain a healthy coat.

stethoscope icon Health and Exercise

Rottweilers are generally healthy but are predisposed to certain health conditions. These include Hip and Elbow Dysplasias, Panosteitis, Osteosarcoma, Aortic Stenosis/Sub-aortic Stenosis, and Hypothyroidism. They are also prone to allergies and bloating.

Rotties should live inside the home with their owners. In spite of their large size, they are generally inactive indoors but they do require a lot of exercise, a minimum of 2 hours a day. This is not only to maintain a healthy body but to avoid being destructive. The type of physical activities should depend on the energy level of your pet. Aside from free time at a fenced yard, introduce structured exercise regimens that would develop their athleticism, obedience and agility.

pound icon Cost of Ownership

As a large dog with a big appetite, your budget for high quality food for your Rottweiler can go as high as £80 a month or a little less than £1,000 a year. Basic dog equipment and supplies like beds, bowls, leashes and others can be around £200. As with other breeds, you also have to factor in neutering, annual veterinary immunisations and deworming/flea treatments (£130 or more).

The costs of caring for a Rottweiler can be roughly £120 to £170 a month, depending on the type of insurance you get (£60/month for basic and £130/month for lifetime). Keep in mind that this estimate does not include costs for unforeseen ailments that would require treatments beyond the insurance coverage.

Is a Rottweiler Right for You?

  • The Rottweiler is intelligent but can be challenging to train if owners do not establish the alpha role.
  • It is an extremely loyal and protective dog.
  • It is not for first-time dog owners and families with babies or toddlers.
  • It needs early socialisation and training to understand that people outside of the household like family and friends don’t necessarily mean any harm.
  • It has low grooming needs.
  • This large breed is active and has high exercise requirements.
Do you feel like a Rottweiler is too much for you to handle? Try taking our Pet Finder to help you choose the best breed for you. Dog Finder
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The information, including measurements, prices and other estimates, on this page is provided for general reference purposes only. Use caution and seek the advice of qualified veterinarians and/or professionals when attempting anything related to buying or caring for a pet.

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Listings for Rottweiler

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