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Good with Children:
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Height: 53 - 60cm M | 48 - 53cm F
Weight: 21 - 30kg M | 16 - 21kg F
Life Expectancy: 12 - 14 Years

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Introduction

With the nickname “smiling Sammie,” the gentle, cheerful and outgoing Samoyed is a devoted family companion. The adorable smile of this breed endears it to people in the UK, and the world. Although Samoyed dogs may look like a calm dog, they are quite vocal. Their barking tendencies make them great watchdogs for the family.

Are you curious about the Samoyed? Here is a brief background on this smiley dog breed of the Pastoral group.


book icon History

The Samoyed is one of the ancient breeds that descended from a spitz-type dog from Siberia – the Nenets herding laika – bred for herding, guarding and pulling sleds. The breed is called Bjelkier in native Siberia, but are referred as Samoyed today after the Asiatic nomadic tribes, Samoyede.

It is believed that the Samoyed was mainly utilised as a sled dog for polar expeditions. The Samoyed was first noticed by Russian explorers when they passed through Siberia during the 17th and 18th century. The magnificence of the breed was then recognised and not long after the Czar of Russia took particular interest to the dog breed. He even awarded the dog a royal status and offered the Bjelkiers to European nobles as gifts.

In 1911, the Bjelkiers found their way to England when explorer Roald Amundsen used the breed on his South Pole expedition and offered some Bjelkiers to other South Pole explorers from England. In 1909, the first Samoyed Club was established. By 1912, the Samoyed was given its own class status and recognised by The Kennel Club.


comb icon Appearance and Grooming

The Samoyed weigh 50 to 60 pounds and stand 46 to 56 centimetres. It is a strong, alert and lithe dog breed that always carries itself with dignity and elegance. The Samoyed has a wedge-shaped head, moderately long muzzle that tapers toward the nose, and black lips that curve upward, giving the appearance of a smile. Its nose can be black, brown or flesh-coloured, while its almond-shaped eyes can be medium to dark brown. The ears are triangular-shaped set apart on the Samoyed’s head.

The breed’s muscular body is built to withstand harsh weather, which is covered in thick hair. The Samoyed wears a double coat comprised of an undercoat that is thick and woolly and a topcoat made of harsh longer hair. The coat can be pure white, cream, white and biscuit or all biscuit colours. The Samoyed sheds heavily, and its double coat is difficult to groom. The coat needs to be brushed daily when it’s heavily shedding and once or twice a week when it’s not. Some owners will even hire a professional groomer.

As part of basic dog grooming, check the Samoyed’s ears on a weekly basis and watch out for signs of infection or wax build up. Use a veterinarian-approved cleanser to clean the ears. The teeth must be brushed at least once a week so minimise tartar and prevent gum disease. Trim the nails once a month, if the dog does not wear it down naturally or when you start to hear clicking sounds.


bulb icon Temperament and Intelligence

Samoyeds are lively, cheery and fun-loving dogs that love to be around people. They are playful dogs with a sense of humour. These dogs are a great family companion, although they often favour one person above other family members. Samoyeds are active dog breeds and as such will love to go for outdoor activity such as hiking.

The Samoyed’s alert nature makes it a useful watchdog. This vocal dog never fails to bark to announce if someone is about. However, it should not be mistaken as a guard dog since it is quick to cosy up to strangers, demanding a belly rub. However, do not think this dog with an ever-present smile is the docile and obedient type. In fact, the Samoyed has a bit of a stubborn streak that makes it a little difficult to train, though it is generally well-behaved.

Since Samoyeds are friendly dogs, they are naturally great with children. However, it is best always to supervise any interaction in case things become a bit rowdy so a child doesn’t get hurt. Samoyeds get on well with other dogs including cats they grow up with. However, they will happily chase any small animals, so care should be taken.


food icon Nutrition and Feeding

A typical serving for an adult Samoyed is 1.5 to 2.5 cups of dry dog food daily. Balanced nutrition is important for a dog to become healthy and happy. When you are not sure what to feed and how much to feed your dog to get the maximum nutrition, then consult a veterinarian.

For a typical calorie needs of an adult Samoyed weighing 50 pounds:

  • Senior and less active: up to 1,160 calories daily
  • Typical adults: up to 1,310 calories daily
  • Physically active/working dogs: up to 1,460 calories daily

When you buy dog food, make sure to read the labels and look for specific levels of protein, fat, vitamins and minerals. The dog food selection must also be based on its size. The dog’s activity level plays an important role to determine caloric intake, so make sure to consider that as well.


stethoscope icon Health and Exercise

The Samoyed is considered a healthy dog breed with only a few health issues. However, as the dogs age, its health can also change, which may make it susceptible to diseases. For a Samoyed breed, health conditions to watch out for include Glaucoma, Hip Dysplasia, Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy, Hypothyroidism, Diabetes Mellitus, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, and Cancer.

The Samoyed is a high-energy dog that requires plenty of daily exercises (at least 2 hours) and mental stimulation to be truly happy and non-destructive. Since it is an active dog, it likes nothing more than to romp and roam around the back garden to let off steam. However, Samoyeds are master escapist and will try to find a weakness in the fence, so make sure it is completely secure.


pound icon Cost of Ownership

If you are set on raising a Samoyed, you need to prepare £500-£1000 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. To ensure it stays healthy at whatever age, you will need to feed your dog high quality dog food and treats, which can set you back £80-£100 a month. You would also need to spend on dog accessories such as leads, collars, eating bowls, crates, beds, and toys. The combined initial cost for these things is estimated at £200.

As to healthcare you need to be prepared in case your dog suddenly falls ill or gets into an accident. You can offset some bills if you get a pet insurance, which can range from £21 for a time-limited cover up to £50 for a lifetime one. These prices vary depending on your dog’s health, age, the type of cover you choose, and whether it has pre-existing conditions.

Other outgoings to consider are veterinary expenses that may not be included in a pet insurance coverage such as vaccinations, routine checks, neutering or spaying, and annual boosters, which can have a combined cost of £1000 annually. In a rough estimation, you will be budgeting £70-£110 a month for recurring expenses, depending on the type of insurance cover you choose for your dog.


Samoyed Breed Highlights

  • The Samoyed is a gentle, cheerful and outgoing dog breed from the pastoral
  • It is an alert and lithe dog breed that always carries itself with dignity and elegance.
  • It sheds heavily, and its double coat is difficult to groom.
  • Samoyeds’ alert nature makes them useful watchdogs, but not guard dogs.
  • Due to their stubborn streak they may be a tad difficult to train.

Are you sure the Samoyed is the best breed for you? Take the Pet Breed Selector Quiz to find your perfect breed match.

Dog Breed Selector Quiz

Are you ready to take home a cheerful Samoyed? If you prefer a dog that matches your personality, complete our Pet Finder to find other suggested dog breeds.

Disclaimer:
The information, including measurements, prices and other estimates, on this page is provided for general reference purposes only.

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