The Samoyed is considered a healthy dog breed with only a few health problems. The average life expectancy of the Samoyed is 12 – 14 years. The most common health conditions to watch out for in the breed include:
It is one of the most common causes of hair loss in Samoyed. It is caused by excessive production of sex hormones by the adrenal glands. Detecting other symptoms of this condition can be tricky.
Thus, diagnosis is necessary, which usually comes in the forms of blood tests and skin biopsies. Treatment for alopecia x can be drugs used for other adrenal problems.
The Samoyed is prone to several heart conditions including atrial septal defect, aortic stenosis or sub-aortic stenosis, and pulmonic stenosis.
Be sure to ask the breeder if the parents of the litter have undergone cardiac exams. This will ensure that their offspring has a low probability of developing these heart problems.
It is one of the most common diseases of the breed. Sammies between the ages of 4 and 10 are often diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. This condition is caused by low levels of insulin and causes a sudden spike in blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes include lack of energy, urinary infections, weight loss, and excessive drinking. Samoyeds with the disease require diet management and regular administration of insulin injections for treatment.
The breed is highly susceptible to several ocular diseases, specifically cataracts, distichiasis, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy.
Responsible Samoyed breeders often present certification that signifies their breeding dog is tested for X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy and Retinal Dysplasia/OSD.
It is a common health condition in Samoyed puppies. This occurs between 5 and 14 months of age and is caused by many factors, including genetics, nutrition, and environment. Screening of breeding animals for this disease is crucial, and they should have the proper documentation from the OFA.
Feeding Samoyed puppies with a balanced and age-appropriate diet and keeping them from exercising excessively help lessen the chances of hip dysplasia.
This disease is commonly seen in purebred dogs, including Samoyeds, Huskies, and Malamutes. Hypothyroidism stems from inadequate levels of the thyroid hormone.
It causes hair loss, lethargy, and excessive weight gain in dogs. Trustworthy Samoyed breeders need their breeding stock to get tested annually for hypothyroidism.
Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy
SHG is an inherited and incurable disease of the kidneys. It damages the organ’s filtration system and making it unable to filter toxins.
This condition can lead to renal failure. Male Samoyeds are more affected than their female counterparts. Most of them rarely live through one year of age.
Sulphonamides, also known as sulfa-drugs, are commonly used as antibiotics. Studies show that around 40 dog breeds are known to be hypersensitive to these drugs.
The Samoyed is one of the most often affected. Negative reactions to sulphonamides can vary, and these often include skin eruptions, dry eye, and haemolytic anaemia.
The Samoyed is a high-energy dog that requires plenty of daily exercises (at least 2 hours) and mental stimulation to be truly happy and non-destructive.
Since it is an active dog, it likes nothing more than to romp and roam around the back garden to let off steam. It also loves outdoor activities, such as hiking, running, and snowshoeing. The breed can also handle extreme sports including dog-assisted cross-country skiing, sledding, and skijoring,
The Samoyed is not particularly fond of water. It is believed that this is because the breed is unaccustomed to water. Some think that it might be due to its thick coat, which weighs down once it gets wet.
However, this doesn’t mean that the Samoyed can’t learn to love water. A gradual and gentle introduction to swimming will make your dog eventually accustomed to the water.
Digging is a natural habit in Samoyeds due to their Arctic dog lineage. Their ancestors used to dredge snow to make shelters. Provide your dog with activities that cater to its digging habits.
Take your Samoyed to the woods, beach, or parks where he can burrow the earth without getting into trouble. Giving your dog its own digging spot in your backyard is also a good idea.
The Samoyed is a master escapist and will try to find a weakness in the fence, so make sure it is completely secure.
Oft-times if the Samoyed doesn’t have a solid recall. It may chase down small animals or track a scent than returning on command. For this reason, it should be kept on a lead when taken out for walks.