The Samoyed weigh 50 to 60 pounds and stand 46 to 56 centimetres. It is a strong, alert and lithe dog breed that always carries itself with dignity and elegance. The Samoyed has a wedge-shaped head, moderately long muzzle that tapers toward the nose, and black lips that curve upward, giving the appearance of a smile. Its nose can be black, brown or flesh-coloured, while its almond-shaped eyes can be medium to dark brown. The ears are triangular-shaped set apart on the Samoyed’s head.
The breed’s muscular body is built to withstand harsh weather, which is covered in thick hair. The Samoyed wears a double coat comprised of an undercoat that is thick and woolly and a topcoat made of harsh longer hair. The coat can be pure white, cream, white and biscuit or all biscuit colours. The Samoyed sheds heavily, and its double coat is difficult to groom. The coat needs to be brushed daily when it’s heavily shedding and once or twice a week when it’s not. Some owners will even hire a professional groomer.
As part of basic dog grooming, check the Samoyed’s ears on a weekly basis and watch out for signs of infection or wax build up. Use a veterinarian-approved cleanser to clean the ears. The teeth must be brushed at least once a week so minimise tartar and prevent gum disease. Trim the nails once a month, if the dog does not wear it down naturally or when you start to hear clicking sounds.