What is the rarest type of dog? One of the rarest dog breeds, the Telomian Dog is scarcely found in other countries other than his homeland, Malaysia. He has garnered a few nicknames from the natives including Malaysian Telomian or Anjing Kampung Malaysia, which translates to Malaysian Village Dog.
Much like most Borneo dog breeds, the lineage of the Telomian is obscure. However, he is believed to be a descendant of wild dogs. Some experts speculate that this rare breed is a close cousin to the Basenji and the Dingo.
What is a Malaysian Dog? The Malaysian Telomian Dog began his origins as a long-standing canine companion for the Orang Asli, a semi-nomadic indigenous people of Malaysia. His purpose does not end there as he was trained to become a reliable hunting dog too.
As some people of the tribe lived nearby or in the jungle, their houses tended to be a good hiding place for small rodents, snakes, and other vermin.
It is the Telomian dog's duty to eliminate these animals before his owners enter the house. He also proved to be good at hunting game, fishing, as well as guarding his family.
Aside from being trusty companions of the Orang Asli tribe, Telomian Dogs were popularly known for their amazing ladder-climbing ability and their talent on deftly opening doors. They naturally honed these skills as their masters' huts sit atop trees with only rickety stilts for access.
It was in 1963 when Telomian Dogs were on their way to becoming internationally known after anthropologist Dr. Orville Elliot discovered them. He named the rare dogs after the Telom River where he first spotted them.
In 1970, Dr. Orville was given a pair of Telomians, which were brought to the United States. In the same year, the Telomian Dog Club was established. Another pair of Telomians were sent to the USA in 1973. It is speculated that these 2 domesticated pairs were the progenitors of the Telomians in the West.
The Telomian Dog breed is yet to be recognised by major kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club and the Kennel Club. However, he was successfully registered in the American Pet Registry, Inc. and Dog Registry of America, Inc.