The Tibetan Mastiff is a large dog with a well-boned and muscled body. He measures around 66–76 centimetres in height and weighs about 40.8–68 kilos.
The Tibetan Mastiff matures very slowly since he is a large breed. A Tibetan Mastiff puppy becomes a full-grown adult dog physically once reach about 4–7 years of age. Note that the female often matures quicker than the male.
The Tsang-Khyi type tends to be taller, heavily boned, and wrinkly around the face. The Do-Khyi type is leaner and less wrinkly than the Tsang-Khyi.
Despite the Tibetan Mastiff’s hugeness, he is still very agile. His body is somewhat longer than tall. He has a wide and strong head with noticeable wrinkles. His square-shaped muzzle is broad with a large black nose.
The Tibetan Mastiff dog’s upper lip commonly covers the lower lip. His teeth intersect in a level bite. He has medium, almond-shaped eyes that are deep-set and slanted.
The Tibetan Mastiff breed’s eye colours may vary in shades of brown. He possesses V-shaped pendant ears that droop forward near to the head.
The Tibetan Mastiff dog’s neck is heavily muscled with several dewlaps. The male has more conspicuous dewlaps compared to the female. He has a bushy tail that curls backward. His catlike feet have feathering between the toes.
The Tibetan Mastiff owns a thick double coat. He has a long, dense, and rough topcoat and a heavy, downy, and fluffy undercoat. He has a heavy mane around the neck, shoulders, and tail. The male has a more prominent mane than the female.
As stated in the Kennel Club breed standard, the Tibetan Mastiff should have a straight coat and never curly or wavy.
The Tibetan Mastiff’s coat colours come in black, blue, brown, and gold. The coat may be with or without tan markings on the lower areas of the leg, the muzzle, the tip of the tail, and above and around the eyes. There may be white markings too, but they should only appear on the dog’s chest and feet.
This Tibetan Mastiff has a low-maintenance coat that sheds light. 1–2 times a week of brushing is enough to get rid of dirt, mats, and tangles. Use a slicker brush to remove grit and debris on his coat. Then brush his tail, mane, and breeches with a wide-toothed comb to clear away tangles.
The Tibetan Mastiff dog blows his undercoat when seasonal shedding starts. This may occur around the end of spring or summer. It is best to use a de-shedding tool or undercoat rake when brushing his coat.
Avoid trimming the Tibetan Mastiff’s long, thick coat as it is meant to be shown naturally. Moreover, the fur protects the dog from heatstroke during warmer months and hypothermia in very cold weather as it aids in regulating his body temperature. However, clipping the furs on the feet may be allowed to give it shape and present a neat appearance to the hocks.
A Tibetan Mastiff should only be bathed when it is required. Frequent washing can dry out his skin and coat, which can lead to skin problems.
Trim the Tibetan Mastiff’s nails at least once or twice a month. Since he has floppy ears, inspect and clean his ears weekly to prevent ear infections. If there are signs of redness or inflammation, be sure to consult the vet.
Brushing the Tibetan Mastiff’s teeth must be incorporated into his grooming routine. If this is not feasible, twice or thrice a week will suffice. Brushing his teeth is the most effective way to prevent periodontal disease, which is one of the most prevalent health issues in dogs.