English Bulldog

Dogs | Dog Breeds | English Bulldog
  • English Bulldogs in Great Britain
  • English Bulldog in Great Britain
  • English Bulldogs in the UK
  • English Bulldog Puppies
  • English Bulldog
  • English Bulldog Puppy
  • English Bulldog Dogs
  • English Bulldogs
Exercise Level:
Barking Level:
Good with Children:
Good with other pets:
Average Height: 31 - 40cm | 31 - 40cm
Average Weight: 24 - 25kg | 22 - 23kg
Average Life Expectancy: 8 - 10 Years

Searching for an English Bulldog?

The English Bulldog is simply referred as the Bulldog because it is the original and forefather of all Bulldog breeds. It originated in the 1500s in England from bull-baiting and fighting Mastiff-type dogs. This iconic dog, usually seen as a mascot or character in cartoons, weighs 40 to 50 pounds, and stands 28 to 38 centimetres at the withers. The Bulldog remains to be a popular breed in the world not only because of its adorable appearance but because of its gentle and laid-back characteristics that make it suitable for all types of families.

Are you thinking of getting an English Bulldog? Here is a brief background of this gentle, iconic companion dog.

book icon History

The English Bulldog is considered the original and ancestor of all breeds of Bulldogs. Originating entirely in England in the 1500s from Mastiff-type dogs, the earliest breed had a violent history as it was created for the purpose of bull baiting and fighting. The vicious and aggressive dogs that were immune to pain would grab onto the bull's nose and shake it roughly until it dies. This was mainly the people’s form of entertainment often advertised on television that people bet on. It was also believed that this process tenderises the bull’s meat as it thins the blood.

In 1835, bull baiting was finally illegalised in England. The Bulldog was re-engineered from a ferocious and savage fighter to a gentle and affectionate companion. Only the docile ones were bred to eradicate its aggressive tendencies. It is now hard to believe that the dog that used to be merciless has become one of the mellowest breeds.

comb icon Appearance and Grooming

The Bulldog weighs between 40 and 50 pounds, and stands 28 to 38 centimetres at the withers. It has an iconic appearance, which is why the breed often becomes a mascot or part of cartoon shows. The Bulldog is a compact and broad dog with a big head and a wrinkly forehead. It has thick shoulders and chest, and sturdy limbs. It has a droopy upper lip and undershot lower jaw. Because of its flat nose, expect a lot of snorting, snuffling and flatulence.

According to The Kennel Club, the colour of the Bulldog should be whole or smut with black mask or muzzle. The standard colours are brindle, red, white, fawn, fallow, as well as pied. Black, Dudley and black-with-tan are considered highly undesirable. The breed is relatively low maintenance, clean and a moderate shedder. It has a short, smooth, straight and glossy coat that only requires weekly brushing. Bathing can be done as needed, when it is visibly dirty or it starts to have that doggy smell. It is important to wipe its face with a damp cloth or baby wipes to clean its wrinkles and tear stains.

To avoid dental problems, make sure that you brush the Bulldog’s teeth at least twice a day and provide it with dental chews, which can help in maintaining good oral health. Also trim its nails to prevent painful overgrowth. Its ears should regularly be cleaned and skin checked for ticks and fleas.

bulb icon Temperament and Intelligence

The English Bulldog is one of most popular dogs in the world because of its adorable appearance as well as its sweet and gentle nature. Even though it is a courageous watchdog, it is friendly and even-tempered. It gets along with everybody and is very good with kids, including young children. It is patient and instead of becoming aggressive when hurt or fed up, it just walks away. However, always teach kids how to properly handle a dog and avoid pain-inflicting gestures. It is not a heavy barker and its appearance is definitely enough to frighten away trespassers.

Bulldogs can be slow learners but are able to retain what they have learned. Training should involve a lot of patience and food as positive reinforcements. They tend to be lazy and stubborn and would prefer to be couch potatoes than do physical activities. Their low energy level is perfect for families and owners who want a laid-back dog. However, a few minutes of light exercise daily is important to avoid obesity, which they are prone to.

Before getting a dog, it is important to do your research and learn about the general characteristics of breeds. That being said, other factors help determine the overall personality and temperament of dogs. It is best to provide a loving home and set out rules to bring out the best versions of your pets.

food icon Nutrition and Feeding

A typical serving for an adult English Bulldog is 1 1/2 to 2 cups of excellent quality dry dog food per day. The amount of food depends on several factors like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. Bulldogs are heavy eaters and can easily become obese so you have to make sure your dog is not overfed.

Typical calorie needs of adult English Bulldogs per day:

  • Senior and less active: up to 1,000 calories daily
  • Typical adults: up to 1,200 calories daily
  • Physically active/working dogs: up to 1,300 calories daily

Protein is the most essential component of a Bulldog’s diet. Bulldog puppies need at least 22%, while adults should have 18% of maintenance protein. For energy source and healthy coat, roughly 8% of fat for puppies and 5% for adults is needed. Since this breed is prone to Hip Dysplasia, make sure you start providing your puppy calcium and phosphorus ASAP.

stethoscope icon Health and Exercise

The English Bulldog is a breed prone to a number of health issues. Because of their short noses, they can suffer from respiratory problems such as Inverted or Reverse Sneezing and Brachycephalic Syndrome. They are also predisposed to eye problems like Entropion, Dry Eye and Cherry Eye. Other issues include Hip Dysplasia, Patellar Luxation, Demodectic Mange, and Head Shakes. Consult with your veterinarian if you find something not normal with your Bulldog as early preventive measure.

This relaxed breed has minimum exercise requirements. Since it tends to breathe heavily when tired and is susceptible to heatstroke, its exercise regimen should be limited to 15- to 30-minute walks in the morning or evening. They can also walk around a fenced yard in cool temperatures and should always be provided with fresh clean water.

pound icon Cost of Ownership

Your expenses in owning a Bulldog start with purchasing a well-bred Pedigree puppy, which is one of the most expensive breeds. Would you believe that to buy English Bulldog puppies cost between £1,000 and £4,000? Some with championship lines are even pricier. Insurance costs for this breed usually start at £60 a month for basic coverage.

Initial costs for equipment and supplies will be £200. Food and treats will set you back around £40 per month, and vet fees can go as much as £1,000 for routine check-ups and preventive care. Also be prepared for other veterinary costs if your pet would require treatments or surgery not covered by insurance. The total average expenses of getting an English Bulldog will roughly be around £150, depending on your pet insurance.

Is an English Bulldog Right for You?

  • Buying an English Bulldog puppy is expensive.
  • This medium-sized breed is great for first-time owners because of its calm and laidback temperament.
  • The Bulldog has a flat nose so you can expect a lot of snorting, snuffling and flatulence.
  • As a lazy breed that would rather lay on the couch, it is prone to obesity so it must be exercised appropriately.
  • It is a slow learner but has a good memory retention.
  • The Bulldog is extremely patient and tolerant of kids.
Still unsure if the English Bulldog is the right pet for you? Our Pet Finder may help narrow down your choices on the best breed for your personality and lifestyle. Dog Finder
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The information, including measurements, prices and other estimates, on this page is provided for general reference purposes only. Use caution and seek the advice of qualified veterinarians and/or professionals when attempting anything related to buying or caring for a pet.

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