How long do Jack Russells live?
The Jack Russell has an average life expectancy of 15–17 years. He is generally healthy but can be predisposed to certain health issues. Below are the most common health problems of the Jack Russell Terrier breed:
White-haired Jack Russell Terriers are more likely to experience hearing loss, according to studies. Deafness is often an inherited trait in the breed, making it a congenital disease.
Telltale signs that a Jack Russell is suffering from deafness include being unresponsive when his name is called, failure to respond to even simple commands, and sudden fright when approached.
The Jack can be affected by two types of deafness. Unilateral deafness means one ear has hearing loss, whilst bilateral deafness means both ears cannot hear. Note that unilateral deafness is difficult to spot on your own as he can easily adapt because he can still hear from one ear.
Jack Russell reputable breeders are recommended to let their breeding stocks undergo brainstem-auditory-evoked-response (BAER) test. It is the only trustworthy method that determines which purebred dogs have hearing defects.
Jack Russells that have a high probability of developing deafness should never be used as breeding stocks. When buying a Jack Russell Terrier puppy, make sure that the breeder provides you with documentation that his parent breeds are BAER-tested.
The Jack Russell Terrier is at risk of developing this cardiovascular disease. Dilated cardiomyopathy occurs due to heart muscle degeneration. It thins the heart's walls, resulting in the organ's enlargement.
Affected Jack Russell Terriers usually experience coughs, breathing difficulties, rapid breathing, irregular heartbeats, and exercise intolerance. These signs occur between 1 to 8-year-old Jack Russell Terrier dogs. Serious cases of cardiomyopathy can lead to fainting, congestive heart failure, and death.
Cure for this common Jack Russell illness has not been discovered yet. However, medical treatments can hinder its progress. Much like hearing loss, the spreading of dilated cardiomyopathy can be prevented through health screening in the form of genetic testing.
Lens luxation is a hereditary eye disorder that is very common in Terrier dog breeds. It causes the eyes' lenses to become dislocated. Symptoms that you should look out for are squinting, whiteness in the eyes, inflammation, lack of interest in exercising, and increased tears.
A Jack Russell that has lens luxation can be treated through surgery. If his eye lenses are completely dislocated, the surgery's possibility of restoring his vision is reduced. Once the surgery is over, keep your Jack from running around the house and limit his exercise to short lead walks until fully recovered.
This is a brain disorder resulting from the deterioration of the cerebellum's cortex. It makes afflicted Jack Russell dogs unsteady on their feet, and they may stagger whilst walking. Disorientation is a common symptom of the condition as well.
A Jack Russell Terrier with cerebellar ataxia needs pain management and supportive care. It is also essential to create a safe environment for your Jack Russell. Make sure that he has no access to dangerous areas in your home such as pool and stairs. The vet will also schedule regular check-ups to monitor your dog’s condition.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease refers to the degeneration of the hip joint's ball. Over a period of time, it can result in the collapse of the hip and trigger arthritis.
The causes of the condition is still unknown, but studies suggest that it is due to disturbed blood flow. This leads to the clotting of the blood vessel, which weakens the bone.
A Jack Russell Terrier with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is usually affected in one hip. The pain induced by this condition causes limping and gradually, lameness. Mild cases can be cured through pain medication and weight management.
If the Jack Russell Terrier does not respond well to medication therapy, the vet may recommend surgery. There are two types of surgeries for this condition: femoral head and neck osteotomy (FHO) and total hip replacement (THR). FHO is the removal of the femur's head, whilst THR uses an implant to recreate a functional hip joint. After the surgery, the dog needs to undergo medication and physical therapy for a fast recovery.
Patellar luxation is the dislocation of the kneecaps. Limping, swelling of the affected area, weak legs, and difficulty in moving are signs of this disease. These symptoms may not be noticeable until the affected Jack Russell is 6 weeks old.
A Jack Russell may be affected by patellar luxation due to genetics, an accident, or an injury. It can be cured through medications and supplements. The vet may couple it with a leg brace or a cage rest. Surgery is another option as well.
The high-spirited Jack Russell Terrier dog needs several bouts of physical activities daily, a total of about 1.5 hours a day.
A Jack Russell that was not given attention or had his activity needs not met will certainly keep himself busy by barking, chewing, and escaping. You should never leave this small dog for long periods since he is a high jumper, climber, and digger.
The Jack Russell will be happy to play Frisbee, tug of war, fetch, as well as running with you . He will also enjoy performing a variety of canine sports including agility drills, fly ball, canine obstacle courses, and obedience training.
It is important to always keep the Jack Russell Terrier on a lead during runs to avoid running after other dogs and small animals. Also, make sure that he is closely supervised in a fenced yard so he won't try to escape.